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Technical Paper

Analysis, processing and addressing of data flows of process-integrated 3D-measurements of magnesium workpieces for car body construction

The aim of a research project was to develop a system for the analysis, processing and addressing of data flows of process-integrated 3D-measurements of magnesium workpieces for car body construction and its prototypical application. By applying optical measuring methods for quality control and using object-specific measurement for process control, considerable savings of energy and other resources can be achieved in automotive engineering. The QM standards for measuring systems for forming processes in the automotive sector place high demands on accuracy and measuring speed. By using multi-camera systems, clock rates of less than 10 seconds and accuracies of 30-40 µm over the entire measuring range can be guaranteed. The modular design of a system facilitates process integration due to the relatively low effort required for different manufacturing tasks. The performance analysis of the measuring system and the process landscape design were carried out.

Information Report for the Installation of Fluid Conductors and Connectors

This information report provides general information for installing and tightening fluid conductors and connectors. Following these guidelines, with the consistent proper use of torque wrenches, tightening procedures and correct torque levels will result in diminishing leaks and improving service life by avoiding hose twisting, tube binding, false torque and improper joint closures. Since many factors influence the pressure at which a hydraulic system will or will not perform satisfactorily, this report should not be used as a "standard" nor a "specification" and the values shown should not be construed as "guaranteed" minimums, maximums or absolutes.

This document is an information report to help users by gathering available information from the various connector standards and publishing the information in one source for easy retrieval and applied common usage. This information report is primarily intended for mobile/stationary industrial equipment applications.

Technical Paper

Design & Development of Metal Matrix Based Mounting Bracket for Commercial Vehicle Application

Automakers are being subjected to increasingly strict fuel economy requirements which led OEMs to focus more on Light weighting and Energy efficiency areas. Considering the aforesaid challenges, efforts have been taken in Light weighting of mounting bracket for Engine application. This paper deals with conversion of Engine accessory bracket from Aluminum material to Metal Matrix composite (MMC). In Design phase, existing bracket has been studied for its structural requirements and further Bracket is designed to meet MMC process requirement and CAE carried out for topology optimization and Structural integrity. Finally observations and results were compared for Existing design and Proposed design and further optimization proposed.
Technical Paper

Aluminium for Curbing GHG Emissions in Indian Public Transport Buses

Major cause of air pollution in the world is due to burning of fossil fuels for transport application; around 23% GHG emissions are produced due to transport sector. Likewise, the major cause of air pollution in Indian cities is also due to transport sector. Marginal improvement in the fuel economy provide profound impact on surrounding air quality and lightweighting of vehicle mass is the key factor in improving fuel economy. The paper describes robust and integrated approach used for design and development of lightweight bus structures for Indian city bus applications. An attempt is made to demonstrate the use of environment friendly material like aluminium in development of lightweight superstrutured city buses for India. Exercise involved design, development and prototype manufacturing of 12m Low Entry and 12m Semi Low Floor (SLF) bus models.
Technical Paper

Analysis of High Cycle Fatigue In Welded Joints Of Profiles With Thin Walls Used In Bus Structures Subjected To Combined Loads Through Comparative Analysis

Projects of bus body structures must be developed taking into consideration the dynamic loads that this type of vehicle is subjected to. Experimental and numerical methods can be used to evaluate fatigue life in order to determine the durability of these vehicles. Bus structures are basically constructed using welded thin walled profiles that are often oversized due to the lack of knowledge of several product characteristics such as the conditions of the pavements, deficiency of characterization of welded joints and the quality of the materials used. Allied to this the Brazilian road system counts on several types of roads, presenting roads in good conditions of conservation until roads in precarious conditions with extremely high severity. In addition, vehicle safety standards have been intensifying their requirements.
Training / Education

Fundamentals of Fatigue Analysis

Fatigue is a structural failure mode that must be recognized and understood to develop products that meet life cycle durability requirements. In the age of lightweighting, fatigue strength is an important vehicle design requirement as engineers struggle to meet stringent weight constraints without adversely impacting durability. This technical concept course introduces the fatigue failure mode and analysis methods. It explains the physics of material fatigue, including damage accumulation that may progress to product failure over time, and it provides the needed foundation to develop effective fatigue prediction capabilities.
Technical Paper

High Durable PU Metallic Monocoat System for Tractor Sheet Metal Application

In sheet metal painting for various applications like tractor and automobiles, most attractive coating is metallic paints. It is widely applied using 3 coat 2 bake or 3 coat 1 bake technology. Both options, results in high energy consumption, higher production through put time and lower productivity in manufacturing process. During various brainstorming and sustainability initiatives, paint application process was identified to reduce burden on environment and save energy. Various other industry benchmarking and field performance requirement studies helped to identify critical quality parameters. There was collaboration with supplier to develop monocoat system without compromising any performance and aesthetic properties. This resulted in achieving better productivity, elimination of two paint layers, substantial reduction in volatile organic content, elimination of one baking cycle and energy saving.
Technical Paper

Design and Analysis of Automotive Steering Sheet Metal Yoke for High Strength and Rigidity Requirement

The increasing demand for light weighting products due to introduction of various standards and norms for controlling CO2 emissions and to meet the customer requirement of low cost with higher strength and rigidity of product in automotive industry, sheet metal manufacturing technique is adopted for automotive steering yoke for light commercial vehicle. Currently forged yokes are used for higher strength requirement, while sheet metal yokes are being used for small tonnage vehicle. The attempt has been made to improve overall strength and rigidity of the yoke produced by sheet metal operation using SAPH 440 steel with 6.5mm thickness for light commercial vehicle segments. The major challenge identified for this development was developing such a high strength and thickness material with consistency of dimension during forming process and meeting the torsional strength requirement of 500 Nm.

Snowmobile Fuel Tanks

To provide minimum performance requirements for non-pressurized fuel tanks used on snowmobiles as defined in SAE J33.
Journal Article

Electrifying Long-Haul Freight—Part I: Review of Drag, Rolling Resistance, and Weight Reduction Potential

Abstract Electric heavy-duty tractor-trailers (EHDTT) offer an important option to reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) for the transportation sector. However, to increase the range of the EHDTT, this effort investigates critical vehicle design features that demonstrate a gain in overall freight efficiency of the vehicle. Specifically, factors affecting aerodynamics, rolling resistance, and gross vehicle weight are essential to arrive at practical input parameters for a comprehensive numerical model of the EHDTT, developed by the authors in a subsequent paper. For example, drag reduction devices like skirts, deturbulators, vortex generators, covers, and other commercially available apparatuses result in an aggregated coefficient of drag of 0.367. Furthermore, a mixed utilization of single-wide tires and dual tires allows for an optimized trade-off between low rolling resistance tires, traction, and durability.

Stronger, quieter cabs

Worthington expert sees AHSS and active noise cancellation making off-highway cabs safer and less-stressful places to work.
Technical Paper

Vibro-Acoustic Analysis for Modeling Propeller Shaft Liner Material

In recent truck applications, single-piece large-diameter propshafts, in lieu of two-piece propshafts, have become more prevalent to reduce cost and mass. These large-diameter props, however, amplify driveline radiated noise. The challenge presented is to optimize prop shaft modal tuning to achieve acceptable radiated noise levels. Historically, CAE methods and capabilities have not been able to accurately predict propshaft airborne noise making it impossible to cascade subsystem noise requirements needed to achieve desired vehicle level performance. As a result, late and costly changes can be needed to make a given vehicle commercially acceptable for N&V performance prior to launch. This paper will cover the development of a two-step CAE method to predict modal characteristics and airborne noise sensitivities of large-diameter single piece aluminum propshafts fitted with different liner treatments.
Technical Paper

Optimization of Multi-Layer Panel Constructions Using Experimental Modeling via Transfer Matrix Method

In a previous paper [1], a method was introduced to predict the sound transmission loss (STL) performance of multi-layer panel constructions using a measurement-based transfer matrix method. The technique is unique because the characterization of the poro-elastic material is strictly measurement based and does not require modeling the material. In this paper, it is demonstrated how the technique is used to optimize the STL of lightweight, multi-layer panel constructions. Measured properties of several decoupler materials (shoddy and foam) are combined with sheet metal and barrier layers to find optimal combinations. The material properties are measured with the impedance tube per ASTM E2611 [2].
Training / Education

Ferrous Metals Bundle: Steel and Cast Iron

Ferrous metals contain iron and are prized for their tensile strength and durability. Most are magnetic and contain a high carbon content which generally makes them, with the exception of wrought iron and stainless steel, vulnerable to rust. The following seven on-demand courses are included in the Ferrous Materials Bundle: Steel and Cast Iron. Each course is approximately one-hour in duration. See Topics/Outline for additional details.
Training / Education

Introduction to Materials Bundle

The following six on-demand courses are included in the Introduction to Materials bundle. Each course is approximately one-hour in duration. See Topics/Outline for additional details. Introduction to Physical Properties This course provides an an overview of manufacturing materials and their physical properties, including thermal, electrical, and magnetic properties and introduces volumetric characteristics, such as mass, weight, and density.
Training / Education

Nonferrous Metals Bundle

Nonferrous materials are malleable, are non-magnetic, and have no iron content which gives them higher resistance to rust and corrosion. The following five on-demand courses are included in the Nonferrous Metals bundle. Each course is approximately one-hour in duration. See Topics/Outline for additional details. Introduction to Physical Properties This course provides an an overview of manufacturing materials and their physical properties, including thermal, electrical, and magnetic properties and introduces volumetric characteristics, such as mass, weight, and density.