Downsizing is one of the crucial activities being performed by every automotive engineering organization. The main aim is to reduce – Weight, CO2 emissions and achieve cost benefit. All this is done without any compromise on performance requirement or rather with optimization of system performance. This paper evaluate one such optimization, where-in radiator assembly with two electric fan is targeted for downsizing for small commercial vehicle application. The present two fan radiator is redesigned with thinner core and use of single fan motor assembly. The performance of the heat exchanger is tested for similar conditions back to back on vehicle and optimized to get the balanced benefit in terms of weight, cooling performance and importantly cost. This all is done without any modification in vehicle interface components except electrical connector for fan. The side members and brackets design is also simplified to achieve maximum weight reduction.
Inconel 625, nickel based alloy, is found in gas turbine blades, seals, rings, shafts, and turbine disks. Application of Minimum Quantity Lubrication (MQL) in turning process provides as an advanced and green machining concept. The addition of nanoparticle of weight percentage parameters along with machining parameters has a significant influence on the machining characteristics and so, parameter optimization is vital role to obtain the best machining performance. In this study, MQL with CUO, Al2O3 and CNT nanoparticles dispersed vegetable-oil-based cutting fluid is prepared in turning of Inconel 625. The nanofluids are prepared by dispersing 0.1, 0.25, and 0.5 wt% into vegetable oil-based nanofluids to improve the machining characteristics of the Inconel 625. Then Taguchi-Desirability analysis optimization method is used to evaluate the effect of MQL+ machining parameters on the turning characteristic and determine the optimal conditions combination.
Hydraulic power train assembly of an agricultural tractor is meant to controls the position and draft of the implement depending upon the type of crop, farming stage, implement type and soil conditions. These variations induce extreme range of loads on the hydraulic system, thus making it challenging to design these components. Hydraulic connecting rod is critical component of hydraulic power train assembly. Standards like IS12224, IS4468 governs the design of hydraulic power train components which regulates the test method for hydraulic power and lift capacity of the tractor. In this paper, a virtual simulation process has been established to design a hydraulic connecting rod to meet the requirements. The hydraulic connecting rod basically functions as a short column, which is subjected to the operating hydraulic pressure of the hydraulic lifting mechanism. The current circular connecting rod is higher in weight and cost.
Hydraulic Cavitation is, in many cases, an undesirable occurrence. It is the formation and collapse of air cavities in liquid. In hydraulic devices such as pumps, motors, etc. cavitation causes a great deal of noise, local erosion, damage to components, vibrations, increases oil contamination and a loss of efficiency. There is already established process of predicting cavitation using 3D simulation software. However, the model development is the time-consuming process as well as prediction process is component /subsystem level and cannot be done for various duty cycle operations at architecture level. That requires exploring our research in 1D simulation technique for prediction of cavitation. In this research, we have developed and implemented a methodology/mathematical model for the prediction of hydraulic cavitation in hydraulic system using a 1D simulation technique.
Cutting liquids are important for cutting titanium. In spite of the fact that ventures are discovering routes that to cut titanium dry, the properties of this material reason imperative deterrents for doing this. It is sticky, has low Thermal conductivity, and highlights a low flash point. Thus, the chips don't divert the warmth, and the work will get sufficiently hot to touch off and consume. Cutting Fluids thwart the issue by greasing up the sting, flushing the chips away and cooling the work piece. To guarantee that the cutting liquid plays out these capacities well, titanium combinations lean toward cutting liquids conveyed at a high weight, generally inside the scope of 4,000 psi. to 7,000 psi. This thinks about reports the aftereffects of a Turning test led on the Ti- 6Al- 4V compound of the symmetrical exhibit with Grey relational analysis by Taguchi Method.
Implementation and Experimentation of effective clog removal method in tractors for enhanced condenser life and Air Conditioning performance during Reaper application Keywords - Tractor HVAC, Condenser clogging, Trash removal method. Research and/or Engineering Questions/Objective Tractors in the field are exposed to adverse operating conditions and are surrounded by dust and dirt. The tiny, thin and sharp broken straw and husks surround the system in reaper operation. The tractors which are equipped with air conditioning system tend to show detrimental effects in cooling performance. The compressor trips frequently by excess pressure developed in the system due to condenser clogging and hence cooling performance is reduced considerably.
The drastic technological advancements in designing autonomous vehicles and connected cars lead to substantial progression in the commercial values of automobile industries. However, these advancements force the Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) to shift from feedback-based reactive business analysis to operational-data based predictive analysis thereby enhancing both the customer satisfaction as well as business opportunities. The operational data is nothing but the parameters obtained from several parts of an automobile during its operation such as, temperature in radiator, viscosity of the engine oil and force applied over the brake disk. These operational data are gathered using several sensors implanted in different parts of an automobile and are continuously transmitted to backend computers to develop Digital Twin, which is a virtual model of the physical automobile.
The efficiency of ICEs is strongly affected by the heat losses of exhaust gases and engine cooling system, which account for about 60% of the heat released by combustion. Several technologies were developed to recover waste heat in ICEs, from turbochargers to ORCs, Stirling cycles and piezoelectric generation. A promising approach is to transfer the waste heat to a fluid, like water, and inject it into the combustion chamber. In such a way, the recovered energy is partially converted into mechanical work, by improving both engine efficiency and performance. In this work, the engine benefits obtained by using supercritical water as the vector to recover heat losses are analysed. Water has been chosen since it has a relatively high heat capacity and can be extracted directly from exhaust gases. A quasi-dimensional model has been implemented to simulate the ICE work cycle. Specifically, in this paper a spark ignition ICE, four-stroke with port fuel injection (PFI) has been considered.
This four-hour short course provides an introduction to contamination control principles in aircraft hydraulic systems. Topics covered include an introduction to the types of contamination in aircraft hydraulic systems, contaminant measurement, and reporting methods. In addition, the impact of contamination on hydraulic components is discussed in detail. Along with an introduction to filtration mechanisms, information on testing, rating, and specifying filters will be provided.
This four-hour short course provides an introduction to fluids for aerospace hydraulic systems. Topics covered include an introduction to basics fluid properties, rheology, tribology, and fluid product development. In addition, the history and performance of different classes of fluids are discussed in detail, and specific failure modes such as erosion and sludge formation will be described. Along with an introduction to fluid degradation, information on used oil analysis test methods and interpretation will be provided.