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Journal Article

A Direct Torque-Controlled Induction Machine Bidirectional Power Architecture for More Electric Aircraft

The performance of a more-electric aircraft (MEA) power system electrical accumulator unit (EAU) architecture consisting of a 57000 rpm induction machine (IM) coupled to a controllable shaft load and controlled using direct torque control (DTC) is examined through transient modeling and simulation. The simplicity and extremely fast dynamic torque response of DTC make it an attractive choice for this application. Additionally, the key components required for this EAU system may already exist on certain MEA, therefore allowing the benefits of EAU technology in the power system without incurring a significant weight penalty. Simulation results indicate that this architecture is capable of quickly tracking system bus power steps from full regenerative events to peak load events while maintaining the IM's speed within 5% of its nominal value.
Technical Paper

Integrated Electrical System Model of a More Electric Aircraft Architecture

A primary challenge in performing integrated system simulations is balancing system simulation speeds against the model fidelity of the individual components composing the system model. Traditionally, such integrated system models of the electrical systems on more electric aircraft (MEA) have required drastic simplifications, linearizations, and/or averaging of individual component models. Such reductions in fidelity can take significant effort from component engineers and often cause the integrated system simulation to neglect critical dynamic behaviors, making it difficult for system integrators to identify problems early in the design process. This paper utilizes recent advancements in co-simulation technology (DHS Links) to demonstrate how integrated system models can be created wherein individual component models do not require significant simplification to achieve reasonable integrated model simulation speeds.
Journal Article

Modeling, Analysis, and Control Design for an Intermittent Megawatt Generator

An Intermittent Megawatt Generator (IMG) has been designed by Innovative Power Solutions (IPS) to meet the needs of future directed energy loads on high-performance aircraft. These loads significantly impact the electrical, mechanical, and thermal performance of the generator, load, and aircraft. If representative simulation models of the generator and other important subsystems can be obtained, the impact on system performance can be analyzed and optimized before the generator is deployed. The objective of this work was to utilize various modeling techniques to obtain accurate electrical, thermal, and mechanical performance models of the IMG, and to apply these models to analyze dynamic response transients to sudden load changes as seen for directed energy loads. Additionally, the models have been used to optimize the IMG control to mitigate voltage transients during these load changes.
Journal Article

Electrical Accumulator Unit for the Energy Optimized Aircraft

The movement to more-electric architectures during the past decade in military and commercial airborne systems continues to increase the complexity of designing and specifying the electric power system. In particular, the electrical power system (EPS) faces challenges in meeting the highly dynamic power demands of advanced power electronics based loads. This paper explores one approach to addressing these demands by proposing an electrical equivalent of the widely utilized hydraulic accumulator which has successfully been employed in hydraulic power system on aircraft for more than 50 years.