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Systems Engineering for Prognostics and Health Management (PHM) Systems

2020-03-16
Most complex systems are moving toward a “smart” solution, with automated methods for identifying and diagnosing problems. This course will explore how efficient systems can be designed in an effective manner to ensure that they meet performance requirements. Because predictive maintenance is important to the aerospace industry, this course will address systems engineering (SE) and review prognostic health management (PHM) and explain how you can utilize them to obtain a better system. Additionally, it will address requirements management; model-based design; and verification and validation
Technical Paper

Characterization and Durability of Mold-In-Color Engineering Plastics

2019-11-21
2019-28-2542
Plastics are prone to photo oxidative and thermal oxidative degradation under usage conditions due to their chemical nature. From sustainability and cost standpoint, there is an increasing focus on Mold-In-Color (MIC) plastic materials. Simultaneously customer’s expectations on the perceived quality of these MIC parts has been increasing with attractive color and glossy appearance. A study was conducted to analyze the product quality and durability aspects over a prolonged exposure to accelerated weathering condition. Material selected for this study were injection molded specimens of ABS and PC/ABS used in automotive passenger vehicles.
Technical Paper

FOUR WAY ADJUSTABLE HEAD RESTRAINT SYSTEM

2019-11-21
2019-28-2528
To reduce the incidence of whiplash-associated disorders caused by rear impacts, head restraints should be closer to the head which decreases the amount of relative motion and it is believed to reduce the risk of soft tissue neck injury. Drivers are raising complaints that the head restraint causes discomfort by interfering with their preferred head position, forcing them to select a more reclined seat back angle [1]. This paper is about the importance of head restraint system and how it can be improved by adjusting the angle between the head restraint and passenger`s head. It is essential to carry out research on head restraint that can be adjusted in forward and backward direction letting the cost of seats remain in budget.
Technical Paper

THE NEED OF PERSONALIZATION AND OPPORTUNITIES IN AUTONOMOUS VEHICELS AND SHARED MOBILITY

2019-11-21
2019-28-2520
Shared mobility and Autonomous shared mobility take major share in Mobility 4.0. Personalization in a shared mobility will play a significant role in customer engagement in Autonomous world. In case of personal vehicle each customer will have their own personal settings in their own vehicle; in case of Autonomous shared mobility or shared mobility, we can satisfy individual customer need only by personalizing the vehicle for each individual user needs. This will give a cognitive feel of personal vehicle in a shared environment. We need technologies in improving vehicle interior and exterior systems and design to address personalization. We will be discussing on feasible opportunities of personalization and with illustrations in Vehicle Interior Cabin Space, Seat comfort, Compartments, Vehicle interior & Exterior Access / Controls.
Technical Paper

Development of Systematic Technique for Design of Electric Motor Mounting System in EV/ HEV Application

2019-11-21
2019-28-2508
Last decade has been era of environmental awareness. Various programs have launched for making devices and appliances eco-friendly. This initiative has lead automobile industry toward hybridization and now total electrification of vehicles. Electric motor produce high frequency vibration along with high torque. Hence it needs to be isolated properly & carefully as these vibrations can damage other automobile parts. Dynamic response of electric motor is different from response of IC engines, so use of engine mounting design method is not suitable for designing mounting system for electric motor mounting system. In design of electric motor mounting, position and orientation of elastomeric mounts plays important role. Mounts used in passive vibration isolation are made up of elastomeric material which are stiff and resilient in nature.
Technical Paper

Photo oxidation analysis method for automotive coating weathering performance evaluation

2019-11-21
2019-28-2555
RESEARCH OBJECTIVE Accelerated artificial weathering performance has been always observed as critical and most important factor for durability prediction of colour and resin for a coating system. Photo oxidation of resin is the phenomenon behind coating’s ageing. Though accelerated weathering tests protocols are widely used in industry, they are very costly and still very time consuming. One automotive grade accelerated testing can go as long as 8 months duration. METHODOLOGY (maximum 150 words) Photo oxidation value (POV) is proportionate to the degradation of the resin material used in coating. During the accelerated weathering POV is measured for the coating at stipulated interval during initial phase and trend is plotted for deterioration verses weathering test duration. POV can be analysed with the help of FTIR analysis to observe bond absorption energy and bond separation energy in the resin system. This trend can be extrapolated to predict the weathering performance of coating.
Technical Paper

Employing natural plant based fiber in interior automotive parts for cost & weight benefit

2019-11-21
2019-28-2559
The Automotive industry is in ever more need for a lesser weight car due to progressively stringent emission norms and the demand of customer to have better mileage. It can be a gargantuan challenge for automotive manufacturers to search for lesser weight material to meet both customers as well as regulatory norms. But in some cases such lower weight material can increase the cost and adding a expensive material which increases overall cost to a price sensitive market like India is not favorable. One such solution is using the indigenous plant fiber (Jute) in combination with propylene (PP) to make Interior plastics components. Jute a vegetable fiber also referred to as "the golden fiber" has high tensile strength, low extensibility and is well established in fabric, packing, agriculture, construction industries. The biodegradable Jute lesser weight & abundance (India is the leading manufacturer of the Jute) can be utilized in making automobile trim parts in India.
Technical Paper

Design optimization for Engine mount

2019-11-21
2019-28-2540
The mounting of an engine plays important role in controlling the vibration transmissibility, alignment of transmission unit within specific limit. Design of any mounting system mainly depends on stiffness, allowed deformation and transmissibility of force, natural frequency and size w.r.t space constraints etc. This paper helps to study the behavior of engine mount with different layer of rubber with defer stiffness. Firstly the design of front engine mount with single rubber layer according to space constraint in vehicle and then analysis is done to determine the deformation and various results using CAE technique. As per the results, design is modified with varying layer of rubber pad and again analysis is done with same boundary condition followed by improved results.
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