Individuals responsible for quality management system, implementation, and auditing to the AS9100:2016 series of standards for Aviation, Space, and Defense will require an understanding of the requirements for the preparation and execution of the audit process as defined in these revised standards. Management and implementers of AS9100:2016 Rev. D within these organizations must also be aware of what these requirements mean for their company.
Ergonomics is an important parameter for driver and passenger safety, comfort and convenience in automotive design. With ever-increasing customer demands for sophisticated interior styling themes & advanced technologies, there is an overall increase in dashboard dimensions. This has resulted into reduction of distance between dashboard & front Seats. This development in turn has a direct impact on front knee clearance, which ensures commensurate positioning of dashboard mounted switches and feature levers. Currently standard SAE J4004 describe the H-point design tool (HPD) along with AHP, SAE 4002 describe H-point machine (HPM) specification and Procedure for H-point determination, then SAE J1100 defines a set of measurements and standard procedures for various motor vehicle dimensions, but neither of these specifically describe about Front Passenger Knee clearance.
Child safety in the back seat during a rear-impact chiefly depends on how well the survival space is maintained at their location. Collapsing front seatback pose a foreseeable hazard as it intrudes into the survival space of the child on the backseat. Furthermore, the condition gets worse in the presence of a structural intrusion from the rear that tends to push the occupant further closer to the backward collapsing seatbacks. This paper reports two real-world rear impact collisions resulting severe to fatal injuries to the child occupant seating behind the driver. Each collision shows the dangers of seatback collapse into the survival space of the child. Furthermore, the paper demonstrates safety through design concept by employing seats with strong seatback design resisting collapse into the survival space of the child.
The automotive industry is heading towards introduction of newer and newer technology aimed at providing better comforts and value to the customer. The public and private buses has wide level of acceptance in South Asian countries. In many areas acceptance of buses is because of its regulations, comfort features & safety. Hence to enhance comfort we have added one most innovative and unique feature for buses. We have designed a unique system for Front Openable Panel (FOP) open and closed activity which allows driver to open FOP by sitting on his seat itself. This unique feature will provide comfort and safety to driver; there is no need to DE board his seat for FOP opening. This is as similar as we open our car bonnet. Other challenges include optimum weight & cost impact, packaging within current boundary conditions.
Seatbelts are solely designed for protecting the occupants from gruesome accidents, seatbelts along with Airbags play a vital role in protecting the lives of occupants during a crash scenario. Seat Belt Reminder (SBR) is an audio-visual indicator on the car dashboard which alerts the occupant to buckle the seatbelt. According to Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Government of India, the number of deaths associated with occupants not wearing seat belts was 24,435 and accounted for 16.1 per cent of total road accident deaths in the country, involving 9,349 drivers and 15,086 passengers. This research is primarily relied on buckle status and thus were unable to detect if the occupant had pseudo buckled i.e., wrapping the seatbelt across the seat rather than over the occupant to avoid SBR. This paper proposes a new method which discourages the occupant from pseudo buckling.
In this COVID -19 Pandemic Scenario, Public use cars as preferred mode of transport to avoid public mode of transports. In order to detect if a passenger has symptom of COVID-19, it is necessary to measure the Blood Oxygen level & body Temperature of all the passengers before boarding on to the Car. Our proposal uses a Oximeter setup & IR Temperature sensor on Outside Door Handle to measure the Blood Oxygen Level & Body Temperature of the passengers in order to detect if the passenger has any symptoms of COVID-19 virus (Passenger Safety) Blood Oxygen Level & Body Temperature Detection Integrated on Door Handle to detect symptoms of COVID-19 In Order to avoid the spread of this Pandemic, WHO has asked to Measure Temperature & Oxygen Levels at Public places to find the COVID Affected person. A COVID-19 Affected passenger travelling in a Taxi is more dangerous, as he may transmit the virus to the next person who will be travelling in the same Taxi.
Few occupants especially the taxi drivers generally keeps the seatbelt always connected and then sit on the seat. In this condition the seatbelt is connected but the drivers are not wearing it. They generally do this to avoid the beeping of seatbelt warning system. This system will prevent wrong usage of seatbelts to avoid the beeping of seat belt warning system. The seat belt warning system gets active when a passenger/co passenger do not wear the seat belt in the moving car. Our novel concept will prevent the misuse of seatbelt in any scenario. The smart seat belt seat belt system is achieved by use of force sensors above & below seat belts, & on driver seat. Once the Doors are unlocked and the driver sits on seat , only if seat belt is worn, the pressure on seat belt is applied on one side only. This achieves the logic that the person has worn a seat belt and thus many accidents that happens due to not wearing seat belts can be avoided.
In 2017, 16 citizens were killed and 53 were injured every hour on Indian roads as per officially reported data, while a fair number go unreported. With more than 30% of road accident deaths attributed to motorcyclists, there is an unrelenting need for automotive solutions that can minimize traffic fatalities and improve the road safety scenario in the country. The correlation between collision notification, emergency response and accident severity can be driven from the data which indicates that over the last two decades, while the total number of accidents and injuries show a small dip, fatalities have increased sharply. As the automotive industry focuses to develop technologies that prevent accidents and reduce impact, it also stresses the significance of emergency response solutions that improves the response time and reduces casualties.
Luggage handling inside the car is difficult and no one can have control over it. Many people keep things on parcel tray and the visibility of IRVM gets blocked. It will be difficult for the driver to see RR View. Currently IRVM & ORVM are used to check whether vehicles are coming when we change the lane or making a left & right turn. IRVM is used for RR View Vision & ORVM is used for left & right Vision. There is blind spot between IRVM & ORVM. IRVM visibility can be blocked by keeping things on the parcel try and when 4-5 people sitting in RR Seat Over the lap. It makes difficult for the driver to drive and sometimes accident while changing lanes. Customer Luggage is kept in parcel tray & visibility to RR View is blocked. IRVM Visibility is NIL. To overcome the visibility problem and to avoid accident while shifting lanes, we can make logic by integrating the IR SENSOR & RR View Camera. IR emitter is kept on the middle of the IRVM. IR receiver is kept on RR windshield.
Dooring is a big problem where we face the accidents just because of Opening the Car doors without acknowledging the cycles or bikes or any vehicles from behind the car ( Mostly the persons inside car do not see mirror while opening the door). This results in serious injuries or even deaths of the opposite vehicle driver (Serious Safety Concern lack in car). This paper deals with an Economical solution to the Dooring accidents problems. Existing solutions have unique property of dooring prevention but are non reliable solutions with higher investments of money. This proposed method investigates the possibility of dooring prevention through integration of Rear camera & Ultrasonic sensors to BCM. The function will be a technique of detecting objects through rear camera and sensing the distance thereby Locking door during these critical scenerio's. The above proposed investigation can be applied to the running cars as well in Aftersales which will enhance the safety features.
Inspired from innovative global products, the domestic market is striving to develop novel technologies like the proposed On-Board weighing system, to enhance road safety and meet the upcoming challenging standards. Indigenous & economical payload sensing mechanism is essential to follow the stringent norms proposed to overlook the current scenario/issue of overloading in commercial vehicles. Over-loading results in tire damage with non-uniform tire degradation. The fuel economy is also severely affected due to excessive payload transportation. Proposed technology aims to provide effective payload data of vehicle, for very less investment and effort. Such a requirement calls for innovative designs and approaches to integrate them into commercial vehicles. The existing systems of this nature are not only expensive but also bulky, and often out of reach of the regular customer.
As per the 2018 MoRTH accident report, there were 467,044 accidents, out of which 137,726 were fatal which resulted in 151,417 fatalities. In order to get an idea of the reasons for injuries and estimate the benefits of any intervention, a mathematical model should go a long way. This study is aimed at the development of such a model to predict the injuries sustained by the occupants of an M1 vehicle. We used a detailed accident database of 'Road Accident Sampling System India' (RASSI). RASSI, since 2011, has been collecting traffic accident data scientific across various locations in India. In the data, the occupant injuries are classified as No injury, Minor, Serious and Fatal We used the data of about 4700+ M1 occupants for the study & used almost 40 input parameters to determine the outcome. Based on the data, an algorithm was developed with an overall accuracy of about 67%. The parameters represented human, infrastructure, and environment.
Side pole impact is one of the stringent load case for vehicle structural development. Due to its localized nature of loading, concentrated localized deformations are experienced on the vehicle structure. Developing the vehicle structure for structural integrity and occupant injuries with such local deformation is always a challenge. The vehicle structural development is done based on the cascaded structural level targets, these targets are generally set based on benchmarking studies and experience from previous projects. The structural targets setting based on benchmarking will not be always effective as the occupant injury performance depends on many vehicle specific aspects such as occupant package, occupant position with respect to B-pillar, interior packaging and local component stiffness etc. To set the structural targets, CAE based study is carried out for side pole impact to evaluate the effect of different parameters affecting occupant injury performance.
Lateral Acceleration and Vehicle Sway are predominant factors for vehicle handling & Safety. Excessive sway may lead to safety concerns such as vehicle instability during cornering or lane change in high speed application. This may also lead to motion sickness and reduce the uptime of the occupants in the vehicle. Commercial trucks are designed for higher running time than passenger vehicles, thus, ride comfort & handling plays a major role in commercial vehicle market. Roll characteristics determines how the vehicle behaves while cornering - There must be a balance between ride and handling parameters by keeping optimum characteristics of vehicle without compromise in any of the features One such method used to achieve optimum roll stiffness is by using Anti Roll bars. The anti-roll bars only affect roll stiffness keeping ride characteristics of the vehicle unaffected. This project outlines the effect of anti-roll bar over handling of the vehicle.
India contributed to 11% of the global road crashes and was ranked 1st st among road deaths according to the World Health Organization report 20181. Indian highways is a meagre 5% of the country’s road network but accounts for 55% of the road crashes and 63% of the road deaths2. Majority of the freight traffic is ferried by trucks/lorries along these highways and this in turn increases the probability of them being involved in a road crash. In the year 2018, 15 000 road deaths were associated with truck/lorry occupants already. However, the country’s economy is forecasted to thrive in the coming years and hence the requirement of trucks in the supply chain shall play at pivotal role. The trucking industry is an unorganized sector wherein for example the illegal overloading of vehicles and over-the-limit driving hours pose a serious threat to road users. First objective of the paper is to outline a comprehensive overview and root cause analysis for truck accidents on national level.
The automotive industry is seeing significant growth in research and technology development across small, medium and heavy class of vehicles. The power train technology in specific is evolving at rapid rate and experiencing disruptions to respond to stringent emission norms, safety standards, growing energy infrastructure and new benchmarks for product performance. The emergence of new technologies is creating new players and start-ups in the industry. This is leading to corresponding increase in filing intellectual property and patents across the global players to gain competitive advantage. In the current paper, several state-of-the-art research papers, granted patents and live patent applications are analyzed across domains to provide total picture of power train technology landscape.