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Fluids for Aerospace Hydraulic Systems

This four-hour short course provides an introduction to fluids for aerospace hydraulic systems. Topics covered include an introduction to basics fluid properties, rheology, tribology, and fluid product development. In addition, the history and performance of different classes of fluids are discussed in detail, and specific failure modes such as erosion and sludge formation will be described. Along with an introduction to fluid degradation, information on used oil analysis test methods and interpretation will be provided.
Technical Paper

A prediction model of RON loss based on neural network

The RON(Research Octane Number) is the most important indicator of motor petrol, and the petrol refining process is one of the important links in petrol production. However, RON is often lost during petrol refining and RON Loss means the value of RON lost during petrol refining. The prediction of the RON loss of petrol during the refining process is helpful to the improvement of petrol refining process and the processing of petrol. The traditional RON prediction method relied on physical and chemical properties, and did not fully consider the high nonlinearity and strong coupling relationship of the petrol refining process. There is a lack of data-driven RON loss models. This paper studies the construction of the RON loss model in the petrol refining process.
Technical Paper

A Multi-axle and Multi-Type Truck Classification Model for Dynamic Load Recognition

Overloading of trucks can easily cause damage to roads, bridges and other transportation facilities, and accelerate the fatigue loss of the vehicles themselves, and accidents are prone to occur under overload conditions.In recent years, various countries have formulated a series of management methods and governance measures for truck overloading.However, the detection method for overload behavior is not efficient and accurate enough.At present, the method of dynamic load identification is not perfect.
Technical Paper

Improving the design of automotive air conditioning compressors by predicting the minimum engagement voltage of electromagnetic clutches

In order to insure passengers comfort, automotive air conditioning compressors are designed to be operational in case of low battery voltage. However, the “minimum engagement voltage” of compressors is mostly driven by designers’ know-how and rely extensively on laboratory tests, which can lead to two issues: Costly design modifications if problems are detected too late in the validation phase and the necessity to perform several design iterations before reaching the desired target. This paper presents the benefit of predicting the minimum engagement voltage where both of these drawbacks can be avoided, leading to a more robust design process. The method was tested on an electromagnetic clutch whose purpose is to engage the compressor when the air conditioning is turned on by passengers. The magnetic field generated by the clutch was estimated using an electromagnetic simulation software.
Technical Paper

Use of Thermally Conductive Electrically Insulative (TCEI) Materials in E-motor Slot Liner Applications

Slot liners are commonly used in electric motors to electrically insulate the motor windings from the laminated core. However, thermal conductivity of materials commonly used as slot liners is very low compared to other components in the motor thus creating a barrier for heat transfer. This thermal barrier affects overall motor performance and efficiency. Also, slot liners typically lack intimate contact with the laminated core resulting in air gaps which further increase thermal resistance in the system. Slot liners are traditionally made from high temperature films/papers that are cut and slid into slots of motors. The proposed work looks at developing an injection moldable slot liner to minimize air gaps. Additionally, use of TECI materials further lowers thermal resistance. A thermal finite element model has been developed to evaluate effects of slot liner thermal properties and air gaps on temperature distribution within the motor.
Technical Paper

Multiphysics approach for thermal design of liquid cooled EV battery pack

Thermal management of battery packs is essential to keep the cell temperatures within safe operating limits at all times and, hence, ensure the healthy functioning of an EV. The life cycle of a cell is largely influenced by its operating temperature, maintaining the cell temperature in its optimum range improves its longevity by decreasing its capacity fade rate and in turn extending the life of an EV. Liquid cooling techniques have proven to be cost-effective compared to other techniques such as air cooling, PCM-based in terms of performance in the given volumetric constraints. The battery thermal management solution being presented employs a tabbed type liquid cooling technology that achieves low-temperature differentials for an in-house designed battery pack consisting of 320 LFP cells (Size: 32700) with a total voltage and capacity of 27V and 240Ah respectively. Thermal design of the battery pack considers maximum dissipation when continuously operating at 1C-rate conditions.
Technical Paper

Padded Self-Piercing Riveting (P-SPR) on magnesium high pressure die casting

Padded self-piercing riveting (P-SPR) is a newly developed multi-material joining technology to enable less ductile materials to be joined by self-piercing riveting (SPR) without cracking. A deformable and disposable pad was employed to reduce the stress distribution on the bottom surface by supporting the whole bottom sheet continuously during rivet setting process. To verify the P-SPR process, 2.0mm thick 6061-T6 wrought aluminum was joined with 3.2mm thick coated AM60B magnesium high pressure die casting (HPDC) by using 1.0mm thick dual-phase 600 (DP600) steel as the pad. Regular SPR processes with 2 different die geometries were studied as a comparison. Compared to the regular SPR processes, P-SPR demonstrated advantages on coating protection, crack mitigation and joint strength.