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Standard

Gland Design, O-ring and Other Seals

2017-12-12
CURRENT
AS4716C
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides standardized gland (groove) design criteria and dimensions for O-ring seal glands for static and dynamic applications, and other seals.
Standard

Recommendations for Installation of Seals in Standard Glands

2016-02-16
CURRENT
ARP5555
This SAE Aerospace Recommended Practice (ARP) contains guidance regarding hardware design and installation procedures for seals in hydraulic components that utilize standard seal glands in accordance with AS4716, AS4832, AS4088, AS4052, AS5857, and AS6235.
Standard

Face Seal Gland Design, Static, O-ring and Other Seals for Aerospace Hydraulic and Pneumatic Applications

2015-12-19
CURRENT
AS6235A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies standardized gland design criteria and dimensions for static face seals for internal pressure and external pressure applications for aerospace hydraulic and pneumatic applications using the same size range as AS4716 and AS5857 where applicable. Some small diameter sizes are excluded because they are not practical. The glands have been specifically designed for applications using AS568 size elastomeric O-rings with related Class 2 tolerances at nominal system operating pressures up to 3,000 psi (20,680 kPa) utilizing no anti-extrusion (backup) rings. While the gland dimensions herein have been designed for pressures up to 3,000 psi (20,680 kPa) these glands may be used for higher pressures, but extra precautions need to be taken and testing should be performed to ensure integrity of performance.
Standard

Face Seal Gland Design, Static, O-ring and Other Seals for Aerospace Hydraulic and Pneumatic Applications

2014-09-30
HISTORICAL
AS6235
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) specifies standardized gland design criteria and dimensions for static face seals for internal pressure and external pressure applications for aerospace hydraulic and pneumatic applications using the same size range as AS4716 and AS5857 where applicable. Some small diameter sizes are excluded because they are not practical. The glands have been specifically designed for applications using AS568 size elastomeric O-rings with related Class 2 tolerances at nominal system operating pressures up to 3000 psi (20 680 kPa) utilizing no anti-extrusion (backup) rings. While the gland dimensions herein have been designed for pressures up to 3000 psi (20 680 kPa) these glands may be used for higher pressures, but extra precautions need to be taken and testing should be performed to ensure to ensure integrity of performance.
Standard

Metallic Seal Rings for High Temperature Reciprocating Hydraulic Service

2011-12-19
CURRENT
AIR1077A
An attempt has been made to consider all features of seal ring design including configuration, materials, hardness, dimensions, surface finishes, surface treatment, leak testing, and general quality. In addition to this, allowable cylinder breathing and general quality requirements of mating hardware are discussed. Also, at the end of this report, there is a brief paragraph on other types of seal rings.
Standard

Gland Design, O-ring and Other Elastomeric Seals

2011-03-14
HISTORICAL
AS4716B
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides standardized gland (groove) design criteria and dimensions for elastomeric seal glands for static and dynamic applications. The glands have been specifically designed for applications using SAE AS568 size O-rings, with related class 2 tolerances, at pressures exceeding 1500 psi (10.34 MPa) utilizing one or two anti-extrusion (backup) rings and applications at pressures below 1500 psi (10.34 MPa) without backup rings. The glands have been sized to provide sufficient squeeze for effective sealing while at the same time limiting squeeze to allow satisfactory operation in dynamic applications. While this specification covers the basic design criteria and recommendations for use with standard size O-rings, these glands are also suitable for use with other elastomeric, and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) based seals.
Standard

Gland Design, O-ring and Other Elastomeric Seals, Static Applications

2010-11-29
CURRENT
AS5857A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides standardized gland (groove) design criteria and dimensions for elastomeric seal glands for static applications. The glands have been specifically designed for applications using SAE AS568 size O-rings at pressures exceeding 1500 psi (10.3 MPa) utilizing one or two anti-extrusion (backup) rings and applications at pressures under 1500 psi (10.3 MPa) without backup rings. The glands have been sized to provide increased squeeze as compared to AS4716 for more effective sealing at low temperatures and low seal swell conditions. These glands are not recommended for dynamic use. Primary usage is for static external sealing. The rod dimensions are the same as AS4716. The cylinder bore dimensions are the same as AS4716 except for sizes -001 thru -011 and -104 thru -113.
Standard

Gland Design, O-ring and Other Elastomeric Seals

2005-07-21
HISTORICAL
AS4716A
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides standardized gland (groove) design criteria and dimensions for elastomeric seal glands for static and dynamic applications. The glands have been specifically designed for applications using SAE AS568 size O-rings, with related class 2 tolerances, at pressures exceeding 1500 psi (10,342 kPa) utilizing one or two anti-extrusion (backup) rings and applications at pressures under 1500 psi (10,342 kPa) without backup rings. The glands have been sized to provide sufficient squeeze for effective sealing while at the same time limiting squeeze to allow satisfactory operation in dynamic applications. While this specification covers the basic design criteria and recommendations for use with standard size O-rings, these glands are also suitable for use with other elastomeric, and polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) based seals and packings.
Standard

Gland Design, O-ring and Other Elastomeric Seals, Static Applications

2005-03-30
HISTORICAL
AS5857
This SAE Aerospace Standard (AS) provides standardized gland (groove) design criteria and dimensions for elastomeric seal glands for static applications. The glands have been specifically designed for applications using SAE AS568 size O-rings at pressures exceeding 1500 psi (10.3 MPa) utilizing one or two anti-extrusion (backup) rings and applications at pressures under 1500 psi (10.3 MPa) without backup rings. The glands have been sized to provide increased squeeze as compared to AS4716 for more effective sealing at low temperatures and low seal swell conditions. These glands are not recommended for dynamic use. Primary usage is for static external sealing. The rod dimensions are the same as AS4716. The cylinder bore dimensions are the same as AS4716 except for sizes -001 thru -011 and -104 thru -113.
Standard

Sealing Techniques for Missile Applications

2001-01-01
HISTORICAL
ARP1833A
The purpose of this standard is to provide the missile hydraulic and pneumatic component designer with information learned, tested and substantiated in correction of problems and failures experienced with seals that are subject to the unique requirements of missile static storage and subsequent dynamic operational conditions. Missile hydraulic and pneumatic component designers have been handicapped by the absence of concise design criteria for two difficult sealing conditions usually existing in missile applications as follows: Static pressure condition - Low pressure for long periods in a cyclic temperature environment (i.e., long term storage requirements). Dynamic pressure condition - High pressures suddenly applied in an extreme temperature environment (i.e., operational firing requirement).
Standard

AEROSPACE STANDARD, GLAND DESIGN, O-RING AND OTHER ELASTOMERIC SEALS

1993-06-11
HISTORICAL
AS4716
This SAE Aerospace Standard provides standardized gland (groove) design criteria and dimensions for elastomeric seal glands for static and dynamic applications. The glands have been specifically designed for applications using SAE AS568 size O-rings at pressures exceeding 1500 psi utilizing one or two anti-extrusion (backup) rings and applications at pressures under 1500 psi without backup rings. The glands have been sized to provide sufficient squeeze for effective sealing while at the same time limiting squeeze to allow satisfactory operation in dynamic applications. While specifically designed for standard size O-rings, these glands are also to be used with other elastomeric seals.
Standard

SELECTING SLIPPER SEALS FOR HYDRAULIC-PNEUMATIC FLUID POWER APPLICATIONS

1973-06-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1244
The SLIPPER SEAL is defined and the basic types in current use are described. Guide lines for selecting the type of Slipper Seal for a given design requirement are covered in terms of friction, leakage, service life, installation characteristics and interchangeability.
Standard

METALLIC SEAL RINGS FOR HIGH TEMPERATURE RECIPROCATING HYDRAULIC SERVICE

1969-11-01
HISTORICAL
AIR1077
An attempt has been made to consider all features of seal ring design including configuration, materials, hardness, dimensions, surface finishes, surface treatment, leak testing, and general quality. In addition to this, allowable cylinder breathing and general quality requirements of mating hardware are discussed. Also, at the end of this report, there is a brief paragraph on other types of seal rings.
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