Design of Electric Motor Using Coupled Electromagnetic and Structural Analysis and Optimization
Today, vehicle architectures are changing continuously due to the need for increasing vehicle electrification. Electric motors have helped sustain this requirement. Traditional internal combustion engines are being replaced or coupled with traction motors or in-wheel motor systems in full-electric or hybrid-electric vehicles. With the use of electric motor in a vehicle, the number of parts can be reduced. This leads to reduced packaging size and complexity. Also, CO2 emissions are reduced, and overall efficiency is increased. But the task of designing an electric motor which is assembled in a vehicle could be quite complex. The design of an electric motor can affect the durability, and noise and vibration characteristic of the vehicle structure to which it is connected. The design of the vehicle structure to which the motor attaches should be able to sustain the magnetic torque generated by the motor.