Increased public pressure to improve commercial truck safety and new stopping distance regulations have intensified the need to better understand the factors influencing heavy vehicle braking performance. To assist individuals and their organizations in preparing for these new truck braking standards, this seminar focuses attendees on understanding medium-duty hydraulic brake systems and heavy-duty air brake systems and how both systems' performance can be predicted, maintained and optimized.
This seminar will present an introduction to Vehicle Dynamics from a vehicle system perspective. The theory and applications are associated with the interaction and performance balance between the powertrain, brakes, steering, suspensions and wheel and tire vehicle subsystems. The role that vehicle dynamics can and should play in effective automotive chassis development and the information and technology flow from vehicle system to subsystem to piece-part is integrated into the presentation. Governing equations of motion are developed and solved for both steady and transient conditions.
The design and development of vehicle suspensions significantly influences vehicle handling and ride comfort. Suspension system design excellence follows the basic laws of physics using design synthesis techniques, a methodical process for suspension geometry development. Suspension geometry is the foundation of vehicle performance from which high-confidence suspension components and tunings can be developed. Suspension component design continues to move toward mass and cost efficient designs with high levels of stiffness being essential to achieving design requirements.
Take notes! Take the wheel! There is no better place to gain an appreciation for vehicle dynamics than from the driver’s seat. Spend three, intense days with a world-renowned vehicle dynamics engineer and SAE Master Instructor, his team of experienced industry engineers, and the BMW-trained professional driving instructors. They will guide you as you work your way through 12 classroom modules learning how and why vehicles go, stop and turn. Each classroom module is immediately followed by an engaging driving exercise on BMW’s private test track.
Baja SAE is an intercollegiate competition where teams design and build a single-seat off-road vehicle that is powered by a small 10 HP Briggs & Stratton engine. Due to this power constraint, it is crucial to optimize the vehicle's weight and performance. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the process of simulating, designing, manufacturing, and testing the gearbox of the vehicle. The design process began by creating a vehicle dynamics simulation, which included engine performance, CVT Shifting, tire slipping, vehicle mass, rotational inertia, air drag, rolling resistance, weight shift, and drivetrain efficiency. These calculations predicted acceleration times, top speed, and optimal gear ratio. An often-neglected parameter that was analyzed was the rotational inertia in the drivetrain system. The results showed the effective mass of the vehicle increased 12% above the weight of the vehicle, primarily due to the weight and size of the CVT primary pulley.
The fuel economy of recent small size DI diesel engines has become more and more efficient. However, heat loss is still one of the major factors contributing to a substantial amount of energy loss in engines. In order to a full understanding of the heat loss mechanism from combustion gas to cylinder wall, the effect of hole size and rail pressure under similar injection rate conditions on transient heat flux to the wall were investigated. Using a constant volume vessel with a fixed impingement wall, the study measured the surface heat flux of the wall at the locations of spray flame impingement using three thin-film thermocouple heat-flux sensors. The results showed that the characteristic of local heat flux and soot distribution was almost similar by controlling similar injection rate except for the small nozzle hole size with increasing injection pressure.
In the present work, a relative comparison of addition of water to diesel through emulsion and fumigation methods is explored for reducing oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and smoke emissions in a production small bore diesel engine. The water to diesel ratio was kept the same in both the methods at a lower concentration of 3% by mass to avoid any adverse effects on the engine system components. The experiments were conducted at a rated engine speed of 1500 rpm under varying load conditions. A stable water-diesel emulsion was prepared using a combination of equal proportions (1:1 by volume) of Span 80 and Tween 80. The mixture of Span 80 in diesel and Tween 80 in water was homogenized using an IKA Ultra Turrax homogenizer with tip stator diameter 18mm at 5000 rpm for 2 minutes. The water-in-diesel emulsions thus formulated were kinetically stable and appeared translucent. No phase separation was observed on storage for approximately 105 days.
Knowledge of the forces on the vehicle is necessary for designing most of the vehicle subsystems, however little knowledge of the dynamic forces on small off-road vehicles is available. To measure the vertical and longitudinal forces on the tires of an off-road vehicle, a custom strain gauge system was designed and combined with Quarq tire pressure sensors while running in off-road conditions. The strain gauge system consisted of a carefully calibrated half-bridge Wheatstone bridge of 350 Ohm resistors in bending, feeding the change in voltages into the 20-bit ADC of a Cypress Semiconductor PSoC 5LP microcontroller for data interpretation and then recorded onto an SD card for later analysis. The Quarq Tyrewiz tire pressure sensors were placed on both the front and rear tires and the recorded pressures were converted to forces on the tire through calibration and helped remove the uncertainty of certain strain gauge values. Experimental data was found to agree with suspension models.