Refine Your Search

Search Results

Viewing 1 to 13 of 13
Technical Paper

Columbus Active Thermal Control Equipment Development

2005-07-11
2005-01-2769
The Columbus laboratory module for the International Space Station (ISS) uses active thermal control for cooling of avionics and payload in the pressurized compartment. The Active Thermal Control Subsystem (ATCS) is based on a water loop rejecting waste heat to the Medium Temperature Heat Exchanger and Low Temperature Heat Exchanger on Node 2, part of the US Segment of the ISS. Flow and temperature control in the ATCS is achieved by means of the Water Pump Assembly (WPA) and the 3-Way Modulating Valve (WTMO) units. For the flow control the WPA speed is commanded so that a fixed pressure drop is maintained over the plenum with the avionics and payload branches. Adjusting the WTMO internal flow split permit the two active units to perform the CHX and plenum inlet temperature control. The WPA includes a filter and an accumulator to control the pressure in the ATCS and to compensate for leakage and temperature-dependent volume variations.
Technical Paper

Columbus to Human Research Facility Hydraulic Compatibility Test: Analysis and Results

2005-07-11
2005-01-3119
ESA and NASA agencies agreed to run an interface compatibility test at the EADS facility between the Columbus flight module and a duplicate ground unit of a currently on-orbit US International Standard Payload Rack, the Human Research Facility (HRF) Flight Prototype Rack (FPR). The purpose of the test was to demonstrate the capability to run US payloads inside the European ISS module Columbus. One of the critical aspects to be verified to ensure suitable operations of the two systems was the combined performance of the hydraulic controls resident in the HRF and Columbus coolant loops. A hydraulic model of the HRF FPR was developed and combined with the Columbus Active Thermal Control System (ATCS) model. Several coupled thermal-hydraulic test cases were then performed, preceded by mathematical analysis, required to predict safe test conditions and to optimize the Columbus valve configurations.
Technical Paper

ECS Re-Test Analytical Evaluation

2005-07-11
2005-01-3118
A final test activity was carried out to complete the verification of the Environmental Control System (ECS) performances by experimentally reproducing the thermal hydraulic behaviour of the Environmental Control & Life Support Subsystem (ECLSS) section integrated in the overall Module, expected on analytical basis. A previous test campaign (called Columbus ECS PFM Test) carried out in EADS-Bremen in spring 2003 and described in paper number 2004-01-2425 showed some contradictory data concerning the air loop behaviour. These incoherent test results were related to the environmental and geometrical cabin loop conditions during the on-ground 1g test and to improper position of the sensor measuring the cabin temperature. For this reason a partial repetition of the test has been performed. In particular, this experimental campaign was focused on the verification of the cabin air temperature control, as a consequence of the Temperature Control Valve (TCV) movement.
Technical Paper

A Tool for Flexible and Rapid Thermal Analysis and Design in Feasibility and Preliminary Phases of Space Projects

2005-07-11
2005-01-3053
Feasibility and preliminary phases of space projects are aimed to answer to the very fundamental question whether a spacecraft (S/C) exists that can fulfil the mission objectives. In particular the thermal engineers must assess whether a possible configuration is feasible from the thermal point of view, or what modifications could make it suitable. The paper presents the Thermal Concept Design Tool (TCDT), a new software tool under development at Blue Engineering and Alenia Spazio for the European Space Agency (ESA), designed with the objective to assist the thermal engineers in reducing at minimum the effort required by simulation activities and focusing mainly on conceptual activities during feasibility and preliminary studies.
Technical Paper

Integral: 2.5 Y ears on Orbit - Thermal P erformance and Lesson Learnt

2005-07-11
2005-01-2989
The INTEGRAL (International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) program is an ESA observatory scientific satellite to be used for gamma ray astronomy, It was successfully launched on the 17th of October 2002 with a Proton launcher from Baikonour Cosmodrome and after a dedicated Commissioning Phase it was ready to start its scientific mission. After 2 years the first lifetime goal (nominal lifetime) was reached and it entered the extended lifetime (3 additional years) Alenia Spazio, who had the role of Prime Contractor, was fully responsible of the Thermal Control of the satellite. During 2.5 years the satellite was carefully monitored and the thermal control design mounted on it has been capable to meet all the thermal requirements, providing the optimal thermal environment.
Technical Paper

The I/R Thermal Balance Test of Radarsat-2: Approach to Verification / Correlation

2005-07-11
2005-01-2988
Radarsat-2 is a commercial Synthetic Aperture Radar satellite for earth observation. [1] The general stowed configuration is shown in Figure 1. In nominal operation mode, once deployed, the large SAR polarimetric Antenna (i.e. able to transmit and receive both horizontal and vertical polarisations) is inclined of about -29.8° versus the nominal direction of geodetic local surface normal (Right Looking mode). When is necessary to take images of South Pole, nominally not visible from SAR, the S/C must be rotated to the +29.8° position (Left Looking mode). During the Radarsat-2 thermal testing the S/C (PFM) was subjected to a first thermal balance/thermal cycling test in vacuum with simulation of external heat fluxes by means of I/R lamps and additional test heaters. A very complex thermal test configuration was required in order to simulate the continually varying thermal environment imposed by the S/C nominal sun-synchronous orbit and attitude.
Technical Paper

The ATV Cargo Carrier Visual Video Target Switching Unit Thermal Design and Qualification

2005-07-11
2005-01-3120
The Visual Video Target Switching Unit (VVTSU) is the control unit dedicated to the Visual Video Target (VVT). The VVTSA, grouping VVTSU and VVT, is a “two-boxes assy”, externally located on ATV Front Cone, used to allow ATV monitoring by crewmembers inside the ISS Service Module, during the final approach up to 500 m from the docking port. Alenia Spazio is the responsible of VVTSA and in particular of the design, assembly and qualification of the VVSTU unit: an Engineering Model (for avionic tests), a Qualification Model and two Flight Units (+ 1 Spare) have been designed, assembled and verified in Torino and L’ Aquila Laboratories. The VVTSU is powered during the Rendezvous and it presents a high power dissipation, if compared with the reduced dimensions. The thermal control of this unit has been realized using passive means: a high conductive coupling with the fixation bracket, jointed with a radiator on the VVTSU top face.
Technical Paper

Columbus Integrated System Level ECS Test Correlation

2004-07-19
2004-01-2425
The Columbus ECS PFM Test was intended as the final verification of the Module Thermal Design after a series of successful tests at subsystems level (e.g. the Active Thermal Control Subsystem and the Environmental Control and Life Support System) The test campaign has been articulated as a sequence of several test cases to investigate the main thermal aspects, to prove the Module thermal design in the extreme operative conditions and to correlate the thermal mathematical model (TMM). The interpretation of test results and the correlation confirmed that the thermal design of the module is adequate, but some areas of concern remain, mainly for the difficulty to translate to 0-g the results of a complex test in 1-g environment, and for some aspects of the air and cabin loops.
Technical Paper

Application of Stochastic Technique to Spacecraft Thermal and Multidisciplinary Simulations

2004-07-19
2004-01-2274
Stochastic method is being used in several domains for design optimisation, but its application to spacecraft thermal control design is not yet consolidated. The paper presents an assessment of this technique applied to spacecraft thermal control design, made by Blue Engineering and Alenia Spazio under ESA contract, with the objective to assess the applicability of the method, the requirements for its implementation, the effects on the design process.
Technical Paper

ALTAN, a New Tool for Spacecraft Thermal Simulation

2004-07-19
2004-01-2317
ALTAN (ALenia Thermal ANalyser) is a tool developed in Alenia Spazio, for the thermal simulation of satellites. Distinctive features of ALTAN are the description of the system in terms of thermal objects that can be considered as high level primitives, the accurate modelling of the energy sources (planets and sun) and of the optical properties, the integration in a single tool of the steps of radiative, conductive and thermal calculations and of the post-process of the results. An example of ALTAN application is given for Bepi-Colombo mission to Mercury, in particular the modelling of the highly variable planet temperature and the directional optical properties of the planet surface.
Technical Paper

An Overview of the Thermal Verification & Flight Data of Integral and Artemis Satellites

2003-07-07
2003-01-2465
The INTEGRAL (International Gamma Ray Astrophysics Laboratory) program is an ESA observatory scientific satellite to be used for gamma ray astronomy, while ARTEMIS (Advanced Data Relay and Technology Mission) is an ESA program to be used for data relay and technology demonstration. ARTEMIS was launched on the 12th of July 2001 with an Ariane V launcher from CSG, after successful completion of the System Environmental test campaign at ESTEC including Solar Simulation Thermal Balance tests on PFM (1998). INTEGRAL has been successfully launched on the 17th of October 2002 with a Proton launcher from Baikonour Cosmodrome, after completion of the System Environmental test campaign at ESTEC including Solar Simulation Thermal Balance tests on STM (1998) and PFM (2002).
Technical Paper

The Thermal Environmental Control (TEC) of the Fluid Science Laboratory (FSL): a combined (Water/Air) thermal design solution for a Columbus Active Rack

2001-07-09
2001-01-2374
The Fluid Science Laboratory (FSL) is an advanced multi-user facility for conducting fluid physics research in microgravity conditions. It will be installed in the Columbus module of the International Space Station (ISS) scheduled for launch in 2004. FSL is being developed by a European industrial team, led by ALENIA SPAZIO of Italy, and managed by the European Space Agency (ESA). The FSL Thermal Environment Control (TEC) establishes a defined thermal environment during the complete experiment duration to keep the experiment and the supporting subsystems within their thermal requirements. The TEC is further subdivided into three sections. The Air Cooling Section is based on the Avionics Air Assembly (AAA) which generates air streams inside the Facility to collect, by forced convection, the waste heat from the electronics belonging to the various Subsystems. The Secondary Water Loop (SWL) cooling Section provides the cooled water to the Experiment Container.
Technical Paper

ANNIE, a Tool for Integrating Ergonomics in the Design of Car Interiors

1999-09-28
1999-01-3372
In the ANNIE project - Applications of Neural Networks to Integrated Ergonomics - BE96-3433, a tool for integrating ergonomics into the design process is developed. This paper presents some features in the current ANNIE as applied to the design of car interiors. A variant of the ERGOMan mannequin with vision is controlled by a hybrid system for neuro-fuzzy simulation. It is trained by using an Elite system for registration of movements. An example of a trajectory generated by the system is shown. A fuzzy model is used for comfort evaluation. An experiment was performed to test its feasibility and it showed very promising results.
X