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Technical Paper

Tanker Truck Sloshing Simulation Using Bi-Directionally Coupled CFD and Multi-Body Dynamics Solvers

In this work, the multi-disciplinary problem arising from fluid sloshing within a partially filled tanker truck undergoing lateral acceleration is investigated through the use of multiphysics coupling between a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solver and a multi-body dynamics (MBD) solver. This application represents a challenging test case for simulation technology within the design of commercial vehicles and is intended to demonstrate a novel approach in the field of computer aided engineering. Computer aided engineering is playing a more predominant role in the design process for commercial and passenger vehicles. Better understanding of the real time loading and responses on a vehicle during intended or unintended use can result in improved design and reduced cost over traditional designs that relied heavily on assumed loads.
Technical Paper

Frequency FE-Based Weld Fatigue Life Prediction of Dynamic Systems

In most aspects of mechanical design related to a motor vehicle there are two ways to treat dynamic fatigue problems. These are the time domain and the frequency domain approaches. Time domain approaches are the most common and most widely used especially in the automotive industries and accordingly it is the method of choice for the fatigue calculation of welded structures. In previous papers the frequency approach has been successful applied showing a good correlation with the life and damage estimated using a time based approach; in this paper the same comparative process has been applied but now extended specifically to welded structures. Both the frequency domain approach and time domain approach are used for numerically predicting the fatigue life of the seam welds of a thin sheet powertrain installation bracketry of a commercial truck submitted to variable amplitude loading. Predicted results are then compared with bench tests results, and their accuracy are rated.
Technical Paper

Use of FEA Concept Models to Develop Light-Truck Cab Architectures with Reduced Weight and Enhanced NVH Characteristics

Many recent developments in automotive technology have resulted from the need to improve fuel economy without sacrificing passenger comfort or safety. This paper documents an effort to reduce the weight of dual-use military/civilian vehicles through the use of innovative design architectures. Specifically, a number of crossmember architecture concepts were developed for the cab floorpan of a light-duty truck. The floorpan is a key structural component of any vehicle, providing a significant contribution to noise, vibration, and harshness parameters such as stiffness and normal modes. Finite element concept models of the baseline cab and concept cabs are used to show that changes in the crossmember architecture can significantly reduce cab weight without compromising structural performance.
Technical Paper

Light Truck Frame Joint Stiffness Study

Truck frame structural performance of body on frame vehicles is greatly affected by crossmember and joint design. While the structural characteristics of these joints vary widely, there is no known tool currently in use that quickly predicts joint stiffness early in the design cycle. This paper will describe a process used to evaluate the structural stiffness of frame joints based on research of existing procedures and implementation of newly developed methods. Results of five different joint tests selected from current production body-on-frame vehicles will be reported. Correlation between finite element analysis and test results will be shown. Three samples of each joint were tested and the sample variation will be shown. After physical and analytical testing was completed, a Design of Experiments approach was implemented to evaluate the sensitivity of joints with respect to gauge and shape modification.