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Technical Paper

Development of Metal Foam Based Aftertreatment System on a Diesel Passenger Car

2008-04-14
2008-01-0619
An alternative metal foam substrate for exhaust aftertreatment applications has been recently presented and characterized. The present paper focuses on the potential of the metal foam technology as an efficient DOC and CDPF substrates on real-world conditions. The target platform is a mid-size passenger car and the methodology includes both modeling and experiments. The experimental testing starts from small-scale reactor characterization of the basic heat/mass transfer properties and chemical kinetics. The results show that the foam structure exhibits excellent mass-transport properties offering possibilities for precious metal and catalyst volume savings for oxidation catalyst applications. These results are also used to calibrate an advanced 2-dimensional model which is able to predict the transient filtration and reaction phenomena in axial and radial flow systems.
Technical Paper

Modeling the Interactions Of Soot and SCR Reactions in Advanced DPF Technologies with Non-homogeneous Wall Structure

2012-04-16
2012-01-1298
The pressure for compact and efficient deNO systems has led to increased interest of incorporating SCR coatings in the DPF walls. This technology could be very attractive especially if high amounts of washcoat loadings could be impregnated in the DPF porous walls, which is only possible with high porosity filters. To counterbalance the filtration and backpressure drawbacks from such high porosity applications, the layered wall technology has already been proposed towards minimizing soot penetration in the wall and maximizing filtration efficiency. In order to deal with the understanding of the complex interactions in such advanced systems and assist their design optimization, this paper presents an advanced modeling framework and selected results from simulation studies trying to illustrate the governing phenomena affecting deNO performance and passive DPF regeneration in the above combined systems.
Technical Paper

Metal Foam Substrate for DOC and DPF Applications

2007-04-16
2007-01-0659
A new metal foam material for diesel particulate filtration, trademarked as INCOFOAM® HighTemp, was recently presented. Extensive tests showed the potential of achieving filtration efficiencies of the order of 85% or more at low pressure drop using a radial flow design concept with graded foam porosity. By applying a catalytic washcoat, the foam exhibits enhanced gas mixing and thus higher conversion efficiencies at high space velocities. In addition, due to an excellent soot-catalyst contact, the washcoated foam exhibited high catalytic regeneration rates. The present paper focuses on a novel “cross-flow” design concept for a better filtration/pressure drop trade-off as well as application of the foam as an oxidation catalyst substrate. The experimental testing starts from small-scale reactors and proceeds to real exhaust testing on the engine bench as well as vehicle tests on the chassis dynamometer and on-road testing.
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