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Technical Paper

Evaluation of Truck Driver Safety in Various Crash Scenarios

2013-01-09
2013-26-0029
Driver safety is one of the key considerations in truck design and development. Virtual simulation offers opportunities to reduce development time and the number of physical prototypes consumed for design verification and validation for safety parameters. Thus, the application of virtual simulations of crash has become an integral part of the vehicle development process. The continuously emerging scenarios involving challenging test requirements can only be tested by means of virtual simulation techniques. This paper presents simulations that are performed to verify various safety aspects to ensure crashworthiness of the truck cabin. The cabin structure was evaluated for various national/international safety regulations. The FE model and simulation methodology was validated through physical testing and correlated for frontal impact test and roof strength test as per AIS 029/ECE R29. Analysis performed to ensure compliance to upcoming regulation ECE R29 Revision 03 is also discussed.
Technical Paper

Structural Fatigue Strength Evaluation of Commercial Vehicle Structures by Calculating Damage Due to Road Load Inputs

2013-01-09
2013-26-0139
Evaluation of vehicle structural durability is one of the key requirements in design and development of today's automobiles. Computer simulations are used to estimate vehicle durability to save the cost and time required for building and testing the prototype vehicles. The objective of this work was to find the service life of automotive structures like passenger commercial vehicle (bus) and truck's cabin by calculating cumulative fatigue life for operation under actual road conditions. Stresses in the bus and cabin are derived by means of performing finite element analysis using inertia relief method. Multi body dynamics simulation software ADAMS was used to obtain the load history at the bus and cabin mount locations - using measured load data as input. Strain based fatigue life analysis was carried out in MSC-Fatigue using static stresses from Nastran and extracted force histories from ADAMS. The estimated fatigue life was compared with the physical test results.
Technical Paper

Cab Suspension Optimization Using Matlab

2013-01-09
2013-26-0147
Driver's ride comfort is an important characteristic in heavy commercial vehicle cab design. Optimizing the ride behavior for different cab variants and vehicle applications is a challenge for cab design and development engineers. Suspension parameter tuning with physical test is time consuming and costly. Therefore, a lumped parameter quarter car model of suspended cab is developed in MATLAB® tool SimScape which includes cab mass, springs and dampers for predicting ride behavior as per ISO 2631. The study is done for a 25 t rigid truck. The input to the system is displacement at axles and the output is acceleration measured at cab and chassis level. This output is correlated with test data obtained from physical measurements using Power Spectral Density (PSD) curves, bode plots and level cross count. This proved that simple lumped parameter models which use very few input parameters can be effectively employed in analysis of cab ride in initial design phases.
Technical Paper

An Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) based Methodology for Sound Package Optimization for Commercial Vehicles

2013-01-09
2013-26-0104
In recent years NVH has gained a lot of importance in the commercial vehicle industry as it contributes significantly towards user comfort and also towards the quality perception associated with a vehicle. The in-cabin noise of vehicles is critical towards the comfort and usability for the end user and the sound package installed on the vehicle plays a vital role in determining the levels associated with this attribute, especially the high frequency content. The paper discusses a methodology for optimizing the sound package for performance, cost and mass, for a truck. The approach uses a Statistical Energy Analysis (SEA) based optimization. A virtual SEA model is developed, which is correlated with actual test data. After establishing the correlation, an optimization study is carried out to identify the effectiveness of different materials and material combinations towards in-cabin noise.
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