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Technical Paper

Microstructure and Wear Behavior of Austempered and as-cast Ausferritic Gray Cast Irons

The mechanical and wear behaviour of an alloyed gray cast iron with ausferrite microstructure directly obtained on solidification has been compared with austempered alloyed gray iron. As-cast ausferritic gray iron shows finer ausferrite and graphite flake morphology compared to austempered alloy. The volume of retained austenite is about 30% higher in as-cast ausferritic iron due to higher amount of alloying additions. The mechanical and wear properties of as-cast ausferritic iron are almost similar to austempered alloy.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of Structural Strength of Flatbed Trailer for Service Loading Conditions

Commercial vehicle payload depends on the client for which the vehicle fleet owner is operating. Load carriers like flatbed trailer offer the flexibility to be loaded with a large number of light payloads or a few numbers of massive payloads. Such load carriers have to be evaluated for various possibilities of loading patterns that could happen in the market. The objective of this work is to evaluate flatbed trailer for its structural strength for different customer application cases, using computer simulation. Structural load cases due to payloads like containers, steel coils and cement bags are arrived at. Static structural analysis using MSC Nastran is performed to evaluate for the worst customer loading pattern from structural stress point of view. This paper also describes a simplified method for simulating the effect of trailer suspension, tractor suspension and the fifth-wheel coupling in the analysis whose detailed modeling is not possible at the concept level.
Technical Paper

Design and Development of Bimetal Brake Drum to Improve Heat Dissipation and Weight Reduction

Automotive component light weighing is one of the major goals for original equipment manufacturers (OEM's) globally. Significant advances are being made in developing light-weight high performance components. In order to achieve weight savings in vehicles, the OEM's and component suppliers are increasingly using ultra-high-strength steel, aluminum, magnesium, plastics and composites. One way is to develop a light weight high performance component through multi material concept. In this present study, a bimetal brake drum of inner ring cast iron and outer shell of aluminum has been made in two different design configurations. In two different designs, 40 and 26% weight saving has been achieved as compared to conventional gray cast iron brake drum. The component level performance has been evaluated by dynamometer test. The heat dissipation and wear behavior has been analyzed. In both designs, the wear performance of the bimetal brake drum was similar to the gray cast iron material.
Technical Paper

Analytical Prediction of Residual Stresses in Cold Formed Steel Sections with Elastic - Perfectly Plastic Material Model

The objective of this paper is to provide a reliable and robust mechanics based analytical approach for the accurate prediction of residual stresses in cold formed steel members. The forming residual stresses and associated equivalent plastic strains in cold formed corner sections are predicted with the assumption of elastic-perfectly plastic material model. The predicted analytical solution results are then compared with the existing analytical solution results. This work demonstrates that the exact estimation of forming residual stresses and equivalent plastic strains are possible with the inclusion of shift in neutral axis resulting from unequal thresholds of plasticity levels at the top and bottom surfaces of small radius corner sections. The predicted forming residual stresses and the associated equivalent plastic strains together define the initial conditions of corner sections for further non-linear structural behavior analysis of cold formed structures.