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Technical Paper

Advanced Lighting Simulation (ALS) for the Evaluation of the BMW System Adaptive Light Control (ALC)

2002-07-09
2002-01-1988
The Advanced Lighting Simulation (ALS) is a development tool for systematically investigating and optimizing the Adaptive Light Control (ALC) system to provide the driver with improved headlamps and light distributions. ALS is based on advanced CA-techniques and modern validation facilities. To improve night time traffic safety the BMW lighting system ALC has been developed and optimized with the help of ALS. ALC improves the headlamp illumination by means of continuous adaptation of the headlamps according to the current driving situation and current environment. BMW has already implemented ALC prototypes in real vehicles to demonstrate the advantages on the real road.
Technical Paper

Rear Light Redundancy and Optimized Hazard Warning Signal - New Safety Functions for Vehicles

1997-02-24
970656
If a tail light bulb burns out, the failure will be detected by an electronic light check module. The missing tail light will be substituted by the stop light function. The luminous intensity of the stop light will be automatically reduced to the tail light level. If a car is equipped with rear fog lights, a faulty brake light can be substituted, similarly by a reduced rear fog light. Today the hazard warning signal has the same frequency as the turn signal indicator. If one side of a car is blocked by for example another car then it is not possible to differentiate between the aforementioned signal types. Therefore the hazard warning information is lost. The suggested new hazard warning signal consists of a double-flash with a short break, the time period is nearly unchanged.
Technical Paper

2D Mapping and Quantification of the In-Cylinder Air/Fuel-Ratio in a GDI Engine by Means of LIF and Comparison to Simultaneous Results from 1D Raman Measurements

2001-05-07
2001-01-1977
The optimization of the vaporization and mixture formation process is of great importance for the development of modern gasoline direct injection (GDI) engines, because it influences the subsequent processes of the ignition, combustion and pollutant formation significantly. In consequence, the subject of this work was the development of a measurement technique based on the laser induced exciplex fluorescence (LIF), which allows the two dimensional visualization and quantification of the in-cylinder air/fuel ratio. A tracer concept consisting of benzene and triethylamine dissolved in a non-fluorescent base fuel has been used. The calibration of the equivalence ratio proportional LIF-signal was performed directly inside the engine, at a well known mixture composition, immediately before the direct injection measurements were started.
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