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Technical Paper

Tool Wear and Hole Quality in Drilling of Composite/Titanium Stacks with Carbide and PCD Tools

2010-09-28
2010-01-1868
This paper reports on the experimental study of carbide and polycrystalline diamond (PCD) drills used for drilling composite/titanium stacks. Materials systems used in this study were multi-directional carbon fiber in an epoxy matrix and titanium 6Al-4V. The drill materials included tungsten carbide (WC; 9%Co ultra fine grain) and polycrystalline diamond (PCD; bimodal grade). Torque and thrust force were measured during the drilling experiments. Tool wear of both drills was periodically examined during the drilling tests using various microscopic techniques such as optical and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Effect of tool materials and process condition on hole quality parameters such as hole diameter, surface roughness, and titanium burrs, were examined. Dissimilar mechanical and thermal properties of the stacks affected the tool life and resulted in the decreased hole quality for both cutting tool materials, although to a differing degree.
Technical Paper

Enhancements to Software Tools and Progress in Model-Based Design of EOA on the INVENT Program

2014-09-16
2014-01-2118
The diverse and complex requirements of next-generation energy optimized aircraft (EOA) demand detailed transient and dynamic model-based design (MBD) to ensure the proper operation of numerous interconnected and interacting subsystems across multiple disciplines. In support of the U.S. Air Force's Integrated Vehicle Energy Technology (INVENT) program, several MBD-derived software tools, including models of EOA technologies, have been developed. To validate these models and demonstrate the performance of EOA technologies, a series of Integrated Ground Demonstration (IGD) hardware tests are planned. Several of the numerous EOA software tools and MBD-based processes have been updated and adapted to support this activity.
Journal Article

Smart Portable Tools: The Practical Solution to Agile Assembly

2013-09-17
2013-01-2295
Fully autonomous systems are seen as the ultimate solution to all manufacturing problems due to their consistent quality and ability to improve rates, but they also have one key disadvantage: Limited equipment versatility. This shortcoming becomes most apparent when trying to apply automation to aircraft final assembly. The variety of jobs is great and would necessitate the development of many unique solutions. Therefore a robotic system designed for one job on one aircraft version might be useless on the next version. Also there are many tight spaces and complex jobs where automation is just not practical, meaning that workers with portable tools will always have some presence in production. The modern smart portable tool as exemplified by the Novator PM Series orbital drill motor is capable of matching the quality and speed of a robotic system while still maintaining the ability to be applicable over a wide variety of jobs.
Journal Article

Software Tools for Efficient Model-Based Design of Energy Optimized Aircraft

2012-10-22
2012-01-2176
The diverse and complex requirements of next-generation energy optimized aircraft (EOA) demand detailed transient and dynamic model-based design (MBD) to ensure the proper operation of numerous interconnected and interacting subsystems. In support of the U.S. Air Force's Integrated Vehicle Energy Technology (INVENT) program, several software tools have been developed and are in use that aid in the efficient MBD of next-generation EOA. Among these are subsystem model libraries, automated subsystem model verification test scripts, a distributed co-simulation application, and tools for system configuration, EOA mission building, data logging, plotting, post-processing, and visualization, and energy flow analysis. Herein, each of these tools is described. A detailed discussion of each tool's functionality and its benefits with respect to the goal of achieving successful integrated system simulations in support of MBD of EOA is given.
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