Tool Wear and Hole Quality in Drilling of Composite/Titanium Stacks with Carbide and PCD Tools
This paper reports on the experimental study of carbide and polycrystalline diamond (PCD) drills used for drilling composite/titanium stacks. Materials systems used in this study were multi-directional carbon fiber in an epoxy matrix and titanium 6Al-4V. The drill materials included tungsten carbide (WC; 9%Co ultra fine grain) and polycrystalline diamond (PCD; bimodal grade). Torque and thrust force were measured during the drilling experiments. Tool wear of both drills was periodically examined during the drilling tests using various microscopic techniques such as optical and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). Effect of tool materials and process condition on hole quality parameters such as hole diameter, surface roughness, and titanium burrs, were examined. Dissimilar mechanical and thermal properties of the stacks affected the tool life and resulted in the decreased hole quality for both cutting tool materials, although to a differing degree.