Prediction of Airfoil Performance with Leading Edge Roughness
Leading edge roughness is known to influence the aerodynamic performance of wings and airfoil sections. Aerodynamic tests show that these effects vary with the type and texture of the applied roughness. The quantification of the relationship between different types of roughness is not very clear. This makes the comparison of results from different tests difficult. An attempt has been made to find a relationship between randomly distributed roughness using cylinders of different heights and densities, roughness using ballotini, and equivalent sand grain roughness. A CFD method based on the Cebeci-Chang roughness model was used to generate correlations with experimental data. It is found that the variation of the size and density of individual roughness elements can be represented using one roughness parameter, Rp, which is equivalent to the sand grain roughness parameter used in the Cebeci-Chang model.