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Technical Paper

Development of a Rubber-Like Headform Skin Model for Predicting the Head Injury Criterion (HIC)

This paper describes the development of a rubber-like skin Finite Elements Model (FEM) for the Hybrid III headform and an experimental method to determine its material properties. The finite element modeling procedures, using material parameters derived from tests conducted on the headform skin (rubber) material, are described. Dynamic responses and computations of HIC using the developed headform model show that an Elastic-Plastic Hydrodynamic (EPH) material model of the rubber can be used for headform impact simulations. The results obtained from the headform simulation using an EPH rubber material model and drop tower tests of the headform on both a rigid and a deformable structure will be compared, in order to show the applicability of the EPH model.
Technical Paper

Material Modeling of Structural Foams in Finite Element Analysis Using Compressive Uniaxial and Triaxial Data

The impact response of foam is investigated using Finite Element Analysis (FEA). A procedure will be described for determining the material constants used in the FEA material models. The procedure uses compressive uniaxial, force versus displacement, and triaxial, pressure versus volume-change, data. After the material model is constructed using the uniaxial and triaxial data, FEA is used to predict the results of a free-moving-mass striking rigidly backed foam. The limitations of the current material models are also addressed.