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Technical Paper

Charge Motion Analysis to Guide Engine Port Development and Enhance Combustion Stability for High Cooled Exhaust Gas Recirculation

2013-04-08
2013-01-1313
CAE tools are increasingly important in the automotive design process. In part, CAE tools can be useful in reducing the number of physical prototypes required during a product development effort. CFD tools can assess and predict cylinder charge motion for proposed designs, thereby limiting the need for prototype work. Though detailed combustion simulation results could help guide product development, the time required for such simulations limits their usefulness in the context of a production program. However equally valuable information can be obtained from gas exchange analyses which require less computation time and are run only from Intake Valve opening (IVO) to spark timing. Chemical kinetics is not included in this type of analysis. Using this approach, large numbers of configurations can be evaluated in a short period of time. Every passing year automotive engineers are challenged to attain higher fuel economy targets.
Technical Paper

The Effects of Catalytic Converter Location and Palladium Loading on Tailpipe Emissions

2012-04-16
2012-01-1247
Meeting regulated tailpipe emission standards requires a full system approach by automotive engineers encompassing: engine design, combustion system metrics, exhaust heat management, aftertreatment design and exhaust system packaging. Engine and combustion system design targets define desired engine out exhaust constituents, exhaust gas temperatures and oil consumption rates. Protecting required catalytic converter volume in the engine bay for stricter tailpipe emission standards is becoming more difficult. Future fuel economy mandates are leading to vehicle downsizing which is affecting all aspects of vehicle component packaging. In this study, we set out to determine the potential palladium (Pd) cost penalty as a result of increased light-off time required as a catalyst is positioned further away from the engine. Two aged converter systems with different Pd loadings were considered, and EPA FTP-75 emission tested at six different catalyst positions.
Technical Paper

Application of Modeling Technology in a Turbocharged SI Engine

2013-04-08
2013-01-1621
Improvements to 1D engine modeling accuracy and computational speed have led to greater reliance on this simulation technology during the engine development process. The benefits of modeling show up in many ways: increased simulation iterations for better optimization, reduction in prototype hardware iterations, reduction in program timing and overall cost. In this study a 1D GT-Power model of a turbocharged engine system was used to assist in the initial design phase and throughout the program. The model was developed using Chrysler Group LLC proprietary modeling features for predictive combustion and knock event prediction. In all stages of this project the model's accuracy was improved through regular correlation with dynamometer data. This paper mainly focuses on engine compression ratio selection, turbocharger selection, and cycle-to-cycle variation/cylinder-to-cylinder variation reduction through the combination of 1D GT-Power model optimization and dynamometer tests.
Technical Paper

Cause and Effect of Reversible Deactivation of Diesel Oxidation Catalysts

2014-04-01
2014-01-1518
To meet TierII/LEVII emissions standards, light duty diesel (LDD) vehicles require high conversion efficiencies from the Aftertreatment Systems (ATS) for the removal of both Hydrocarbon (HC) and Nitrogen Oxide (NOx) species. The most populous configuration for LDD ATS have the Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) catalyst positioned on the vehicle behind the close coupled Diesel Oxidation Catalyst (DOC) and Catalyzed Diesel Particulate Filter (CDPF). This SCR position may require active heating measures which rely on the DOC/CDPF to provide heat through the combustion of HC and CO in the exhaust. Although DOCs are always impacted by their aging conditions, some aging conditions are shown to be both reversible and irreversible.
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