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Technical Paper

The Super Loader

1988-05-01
880971
This paper deals with a conceptual aircraft cargo loader “that can do everything” commonly referred to as The Super Loader. The Super Loader is intended for use at air terminals to transport loads such as palletized cargo, containers, wheeled vehicles, shelters, and airdrop platforms from the storage docks to the military and civil aircraft, and vice versa. The loader may be described as a self-propelled, air transportable (in a C-141, C-17, C-5) 60,000 lb lifting capacity, adjustable height vehicle that will load/off load all transport aircraft from a C-130 whose cargo deck is only 3 feet, 3 inches high to a B-747 whose main deck upper limit is about 18 feet high. The Super Loader must also service the lower lobes of wide-bodies and main decks of narrow-bodied aircraft like the DC-8 and B-707. In brief, this loader will be required to interface with both civil and military cargo systems, present and future.
Technical Paper

Effect of Ground Proximity on the Aerodynamic Characteristics of the STOL Aircraft

1987-12-01
872308
The aerodynamics of the STOL aircraft can experience significant changes in proximity to the ground. A review of the existing data base and methodologies has been made and the results of that review are presented in this paper. The existing data show that in ground proximity the STOL aircraft will generally experience a reduction in the lift component regardless of the lifting configuration. Those configurations with integrated power and lift systems will have an additional effect of ground induced aerodynamic changes. This paper will discuss the existing data base and the deficiencies of that data base.
Technical Paper

Adaptive Trajectory Application for Autonomous Aerial Refueling

2011-10-18
2011-01-2634
An outer loop guidance architecture was designed to control autonomous aerial refueling mission from the trail aircraft side. The design utilized bank, yaw rate, velocity and climb rate commands implemented using a previously developed adaptive trajectory concept. The concept was based on position error feedback that was used to control trail aircraft overshoot and tracking about the lead aircraft refueling point. To demonstrate this application, an open loop linear trail aircraft model at a given flight condition was selected. Inner loop control laws were designed using Linear Quadratic Regulator feedback controller and Balanced Deviation theory. The outer loop guidance architecture was then added to implement the application. The performance of the system was then evaluated for a selected position error, and disturbance.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of an Unconventional Diesel Engine as a General Aviation Powerplant

2000-05-09
2000-01-1685
A novel two stroke cycle diesel engine is evaluated as a general aviation aircraft powerplant. Two certificated spark-ignited gasoline reciprocating engines are also evaluated in the same aircraft. The evaluation of aircraft propulsion performance considered only the effects of altered powerplant parameters on the range of an aircraft having a fixed gross weight and payload cruising at a given lift/drag ratio. Thermodynamic analysis finds the diesel engine can have a sea level power rating exceeding the 10,000 foot cruise power requirement by 55% with nearly equal specific fuel consumption, a low engine speed and a modest cylinder pressure. It uses a single-stage, radial turbocharger without intercooling or auxiliary mechanical scavenging. The diesel engine can significantly increase the range of a particular airplane now powered by a certificated turboprop engine. The candidate gasoline engines could not equal the turboprop-powered aircraft performance.
Technical Paper

Future General Aviation Piston Engines and Fuels - An Integrated Approach

2004-04-20
2004-01-1810
The continued availability of leaded specialty aviation gasolines remains as an item of crucial importance in the near-term future of general aviation; however, the development of new piston engines capable of operation with other transportation fuels available in large pools is considered an indispensable element in the long-range survival of the industry. This paper offers a road map that while allowing the continued utilization of the current fleet of piston aircraft, sets the stage for a transition to new piston powerplants and associated aircraft, compatible with widely available transportation fuels such as motor gasoline based aviation fuels for the lower and some medium performance aircraft, and aviation turbine fuels for the balance of medium and high performance airplanes.
Journal Article

Stability Prediction of a UAV

2011-10-18
2011-01-2783
Typical design challenges for Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) require low aerodynamic drag and structural weight. Both of these requirements imply that these aircraft are considerably more flexible than conventional aircraft and their stability analyses are more complex since they require models unifying rigid body and elastic dynamics. This paper aims to built such a model for a generic UAV. The model is then used to address stability in terms of divergence and flutter.
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