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Technical Paper

Performance Aspects of New Catalyzed Diesel Soot Filters Based on Advanced Oxide Filter Materials

Catalyzed soot filters are being fitted to an increasing range of diesel-powered passenger cars in Europe. While the initial applications used silicon carbide wall-flow filters, oxide-based filters are now being successfully applied. Oxide-based filters can offer performance and system cost advantages for applications involving both a catalyzed filter with a separate oxidation catalyst, and a catalyzed filter-only that incorporates all necessary catalytic oxidation functions. Advanced diesel catalyst technologies have been developed for alternative advanced oxide filter materials, including aluminum titanate and advanced cordierite. In the development of the advanced catalyzed filters, improvements were made to the filter material microstructures that were coupled with new catalyst formulations and novel coating processes that had synergistic effects to give enhanced overall performance.
Technical Paper

Severe Soot Oxidations in Gasoline Particulate Filter Applications

With the start of EU6 in 2017 gasoline particulate filters (GPF) have been introduced to production vehicles. It is expected that by 2019 all gasoline direct injection engines sold in Europe will be equipped with a GPF. A similar trend is observed in China with a slight delay compared to Europe, but covering all gasoline engines, including those with port fuel injection technology. With the introduction of GPFs, new requirements are introduced to the management of gasoline engines and their aftertreatment. One requirement is to protect the aftertreatment components from excessive temperatures and damage as result of uncontrolled soot oxidations. While the general fundamentals are similar to those in diesel applications, significant differences exist in the relevant details.
Journal Article

Modeling of the Soot Oxidation in Gasoline Particulate Filters

The share of gasoline engines based on direct injection (DI) technology is rapidly growing, to a large extend driven by their improved efficiency and potential to lower CO2 emissions. One downside of these advanced engines are their significantly higher particulate emissions compared to engines based on port fuel injection technologies [1]. Gasoline particulate filters (GPF) are one potential technology path to address the EU6 particulate number regulation for vehicles powered by gasoline DI engines. For the robust design and operation of GPFs it is essential to understand the mechanisms of soot accumulation and oxidation under typical operating conditions. In this paper we will first discuss the use of detailed numerical simulation to describe the soot oxidation in particulate filters under typical gasoline engine operating conditions. Laboratory experiments are used to establish a robust set of soot oxidation kinetics.