Refine Your Search

Topic

Author

Search Results

Technical Paper

Adaptation of the Cognitive Avionic Tool Set (CATS) into Automotive Human Machine Interface Design Process

2011-04-12
2011-01-0594
DENSO International America, Inc. and the University of Iowa-Operator Performance Laboratory (OPL) have developed a series of new Multi-Modal Interface for Drivers (MMID) in order to improve driver safety, comfort, convenience and connectivity. Three MMID concepts were developed: GUI 1, GUI 2 and GUI 1-HUD. All three of the MMIDs used a new Reconfigurable Haptic Joystick (RHJ) on the steering wheel and new concept HMI Dual Touch Function Switches (DTFS) device. The DTFS use capacitive and mechanic sensing located on the back of the steering wheel as input operation devices. Inputs from the new controls were combined with a large TFT LCD display in the instrument cluster, a Head Up Display (HUD) and Sound as output devices. The new MMID system was installed in a Lexus LS-430. The climate control panel and radio panels of the LS-430 were used as a baseline condition to which the new designs were compared.
Technical Paper

Design of Transmission Electro-Hydraulic Control Module

2013-04-08
2013-01-0302
The demand for better driving comfort, fuel efficiency and reduced CO2 output has been becoming increasingly stringent. In response to such needs, we developed Transmission Electro-Hydraulic Control Module (TEHCM). For Automatic Transmission, expanding the lock-up control area is necessary to improve fuel efficiency. Meanwhile, lock-up control at lower speeds aggravates shift quality. To improve shift quality, Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) pressure control must be precise is needed. This can be accomplished by compensating for deviation in TEHCM, which integrates Transmission Control Unit (TCU) and the pressure control actuator, Variable Force Solenoid (VFS). However, there are two problems in installing TEHCM in compact vehicle. The first problem is the miniaturization of such TEHCM. Regarding modules that require a high electrical current to operate the VFS, thermal conductivity contradicts miniaturization.
Technical Paper

Development of Down-sized Motor Stator

2013-04-08
2013-01-1763
Down-sizing and dielectric insulation were required for the traction motors of hybrid vehicles. By utilizing the newly developed coil with thick resin insulation atop the conventional enamel film, the use of conventional inter-phase insulation paper was abolished. Furthermore, by adopting the stair-shaped coil structure and spiral winding configuration, the stator size was minimized. With the above technologies, the motor installation to smaller hybrid vehicles was realized, thus contributing to weight reduction of hybrid vehicles.
Journal Article

Fuel Economy Analysis of Alternator with Kinetic Energy Storage for a Conventional Vehicle

2013-04-08
2013-01-0481
This paper evaluates the effect of our new alternator concept for a conventional vehicle, which is able to generate electricity by storing kinetic energy of the vehicle in the high speed flywheel as rotation energy under deceleration. The alternator constructs a planetary gear device and multiple clutch-brakes perform CVT, alternator and high speed flywheel without an expensive electric device, mechanical CVT and vacuum pump. So it has high cost performance.
Technical Paper

HVAC Blower Aeroacoustic Predictions

2013-04-08
2013-01-1001
In recent years, vehicle cabin quietness takes a growing importance particularly related to the emergence of hybrid and electric vehicles and “Idle Stop system” vehicles. Demand for quieter car air-conditioner systems is increasingly important also, especially the reduction of the flow-induced noise from the HVAC. In HVAC systems, the rotating blower is one of the main noise sources and the digital solution for predicting and analyzing the blower aeroacoustic noise in the early stage of design is needed for developing a quieter blower. The target of this study is to develop and to validate a flow-induced noise predictive tool for a HVAC blower and to analyze the noise source. In this paper, a low-dissipation, transient, compressible CFD/CAA approach based on the Lattice Boltzmann Method (LBM) is used to predict simultaneously the flow and aeroacoustic radiation of two production blowers.
Technical Paper

Lithium-Ion Battery Pack for Stop and Start System

2013-04-08
2013-01-1538
Increased interest in global warming requires rapid improvements in CO2 reduction efforts. The automotive industry is placing high importance on CO2 reduction technologies. Using Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery pack Stop & Start (S&S) system with combined energy regeneration is an effective technology to reduce CO2 emissions. Power supply storage is very important for the S&S system. High charging acceptance, low weight, and compact size are required. A Li-ion battery is the optimal power supply that meets these requirements. It has high charge acceptance per weight. Furthermore, we developed simple system structure which eliminates the need for the DC-DC converter. By utilizing a Li-ion battery that has voltage characteristics similar to the Pb battery there is no need for a converter to make adjustments between the two power supplies. The Li-ion battery's range of capacity must be managed appropriately as overcharge and overdischarge causes extensive damage to the battery.
Technical Paper

Development of High Performance Radiators by Fin Optimization

2014-04-01
2014-01-0635
Requirements for fuel economy improvement and reduction in the vehicles engine compartment have increased significantly in the pass years. Performances in radiators have driven changes in terms of compactness and weight reductions. By focusing on the air flow we have optimized the radiator fin and developed a high performance radiator. A similar performance was achieved using an 11mm core depth which has 30% weight reduction compared to a 16mm core depth. The purpose of this paper is to present a technical outline about fin optimization.
Technical Paper

Reduction of the BPF Noise Radiated from an Engine Cooling Fan

2014-04-01
2014-01-0631
This study investigates the reduction of the Blade Passing Frequency (BPF) noise radiated from an automotive engine cooling fans, especially in case of the fan with an eccentric shroud. In recent years, with the increase of HV and EV, noise reduction demand been increased. Therefore it is necessary to reduce engine cooling fan noise. In addition, as a vehicle trend, engine rooms have diminished due to expansion of passenger rooms. As a result, since the space for engine cooling fans need to be small. In this situation, shroud shapes have become complicated and non-axial symmetric (eccentric). Generally, the noise of fan with an eccentric shroud becomes worse especially for BPF noise. So it is necessary to reduce the fan BPF noise. The purposes of this paper is to find sound sources of the BPF noise by measuring sound intensity and to analyze the flow structure around the blade by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD).
Technical Paper

Study of Cooling Drag Reduction Method by Controlling Cooling Flow

2014-04-01
2014-01-0679
As the demand for improved fuel economy increases and new CO2 regulations have been issued, aerodynamic drag reduction has become more critical. One of the important factors to consider is cooling drag. One way to reduce cooling drag is to decrease the air flow volume through the front grille, but this has an undesirable impact on cooling performance as well as component heat load in the under-hood area. For this reason, cooling drag reduction methods while keeping reliability, cooling performance and component heat management were investigated in this study. At first, air flow volume reduction at high speed was studied, where aerodynamic drag has the greatest influence. For vehicles sold in the USA, cooling specification tends to be determined based on low speed, while towing or driving up mountain roads, and therefore, there may be extra cooling capacity under high speed conditions.
Technical Paper

Virtual Development in Upstream Design Phases of Automotive Electronic Products

2014-04-01
2014-01-0757
With the development of car electronics, increasing numbers of ECUs are mounted in vehicles and “function integration” and “unification of mechanical and electronic” are moving forward. In order for DENSO to supply customers with the optimum of these increasingly complex products, we use simulations from upstream processes, where there is a lack of design information, and are proceeding with the construction of virtual development environments in order to create products. This paper discusses these development techniques.
Journal Article

Study of Low-Speed Pre-Ignition in Boosted Spark Ignition Engine

2014-04-01
2014-01-1218
This paper analyzes low-speed pre-ignition (LSPI), a sudden pre-ignition phenomenon that occurs in downsized boosted gasoline engines in low engine speed high-load operation regions. This research visualized the in-cylinder state before the start of LSPI combustion and observed the behavior of particles, which are thought to be the ignition source. The research also analyzed pre-ignition by injecting deposit flakes and other combustible particulate substances into the combustion chamber. The analysis found that these particles require at least two combustion cycles to reach a glowing state that forms an ignition source. As a result, deposits peeling from combustion chamber walls were identified as a new mechanism causing pre-ignition. Additionally, results also suggested that the well-known phenomenon in which the LSPI frequency rises in accordance with greater oil dilution may also be explained by an increase in deposit generation.
Technical Paper

New MEMS Process Technology for Pressure Sensors Integrated with CMOS Circuits

2014-04-01
2014-01-0321
This paper describes the newly developed processes of low temperature wafer bonding using plasma activation and deep dry silicon etching technologies. Both processes are a new type of “MEMS” (Micro Electro Mechanical System) process technology suitable for automotive pressure sensors. The conventional pressure sensor was a unified unit consisting of a silicon sensor chip and a glass stage. The diced unified unit was cut from a bonded disk of a processed silicon wafer and a glass stage substrate, and the silicon sensor chip incorporated four piezo-resistors, a diaphragm and bipolar-circuit. However, the pressure sensor had difficulty in accurately measuring pressure in the high temperature range because of the thermal strain caused by the thermal expansion coefficient difference between the silicon sensor chip and the glass stage.
Technical Paper

Development of Intercooler Plastic Tank Material Instead of Aluminum Die-Cast

2013-04-08
2013-01-1175
In recent years, fuel consumption regulations are becoming more severe in every country in the world. Engine size reduction plus turbo is one of the solutions. Our turbo system has an intercooler which cools high temperature gas compressed by a turbocharger. The structure of the intercooler is a tank mounted on both sides of a heat exchanger. The tank connects to the heat exchanger and turbo system allowing EGR (Exhaust Gas Recirculation) gas through the heat exchanger in response to the tightening of exhaust gas regulations. Use of the LPL (Low Pressure Loop) system which refluxes EGR gas is expected to increase from now. Since EGR gas is characterized by high temperature, high pressure, and acidic condensed water, high fatigue strength at high temperature and acid resistivity is required. Therefore aluminum (Al) is generally applied for “intercooler tank” (hereafter referred to as “tank”).
Technical Paper

The Large Scale Finite Element Analysis of a Charge Air Cooler Using a Homogenization Method

2013-04-08
2013-01-1212
Heat exchangers used as charge air coolers are repeatedly subjected to thermal strain, which may cause fracture. To predict the durability of heat exchangers, stress estimations using Finite Element Analysis (FEA) are effective. However, producing a detailed finite element model would require an enormous number of elements and excessive calculation costs. To resolve this problem, we focused on periodic tube-fin structures, considering actual and designed fin shapes, and applied a homogenization method to the fins. We then determined their homogenization elastic stiffness and verified it by conducting compression experiments and analyses using partial models consisting of laminated tube-fin structures. If fins are homogenized, it is important that homogenization be based on the actual fin shape. We then produced a finite element model of a charge air cooler assembly by using the homogenization element, and conducted analyses which simulated a thermal fatigue test.
Technical Paper

Consideration of Proper Analysis Method for Car Air-Conditioner's Noise

2014-04-01
2014-01-0044
General analysis methods which are known as Transfer Path Analysis and Air borne Source Quantification have been extended to estimate forces of an air conditioner's parts and also clarify the path from air conditioner system. These results show noise transfer path to be improved. Originally, the existing methods are known to require considerable amount of time for the cause of complicated measurement to get analysis results. In the work of this paper, required measurement is simplified, and time reduction of 50% is achieved without critical decrease in analysis accuracy.
Technical Paper

Evaporator with Integrated Ejector for Automotive Cabin Cooling

2012-04-16
2012-01-1048
The ejector is a fluid pump that recovers expansion energy, which is wasted in the conventional refrigeration cycle decompression process, and converts the recovered expansion energy into pressure energy. In the ejector cycle, the ejector helps to reduce power consumption of the compressor by using the above mentioned pressure-rising effect. Consequently, the ejector system can improve energy efficiency of the refrigeration cycle. In previous work, the ejector cycle was used to reduce power consumption in refrigeration cycles for a cool-box (a beverage cooling inside the vehicle) and refrigerated truck box. Both of these applications used the ejector to achieve refrigerant pressure/temperature below the vehicle cabin temperature. Now, the ejector has been integrated into the vehicle cabin evaporator to reduce power consumption of the refrigeration cycle for vehicle cabin cooling.
Technical Paper

Automotive Electric System Level Design Methodologies with SystemC

2012-04-16
2012-01-0003
ESL (Electric System Level) Design Methodologies enable us to design and verify various electrical behaviors of automotive electronics including automotive semiconductors on a simulator before hardware prototyping. It could facilitate the optimization of hardware structures, and shorten the total development period by reducing rework process. We propose the “ESL Design Methodologies for Automotive” to renovate conventional development scheme. ESL technology began to be used from the domain of digital consumer electronics. Regarding automotive electronics domain, however, we would not be able to adapt the same methodologies to automotive systems, which consist of many mixed-signal components. Also, another approach is required for the rising demand of safety design sort of functional safety.
Technical Paper

An Investigation into the Effect of Fuel Injection System Improvements on the Injection and Combustion of DiMethyl Ether in a Diesel Cycle Engine

2014-10-13
2014-01-2658
For nearly twenty years, DiMethyl Ether has been known to be an outstanding fuel for combustion in diesel cycle engines. Not only does it have a high Cetane number, it burns absolutely soot free and produces lower NOx exhaust emissions than the equivalent diesel. However, the physical properties of DME such as its low viscosity, lubricity and bulk modulus have negative effects for the fuel injection system, which have both limited the achievable injection pressures to about 500 bar and DME's introduction into the market. To overcome some of these effects, a common rail fuel injection system was adapted to operate with DME and produce injection pressures of up to 1000 bar. To understand the effect of the high injection pressure, tests were carried out using 2D optically accessed nozzles. This allowed the impact of the high vapour pressure of DME on the onset of cavitation in the nozzle hole to be assessed and improve the flow characteristics.
Technical Paper

Temperature Management of Li-Ion Battery Pack for Stop and Start System

2014-04-01
2014-01-1864
The automotive industry is placing high importance on technologies that can reduce CO2, even in a highly fuel-efficient compact car. One major technology is Stop & Start(S&S) System, with a combined energy regeneration system. A key component of the system is a power supply storage device that has high-charge acceptance, light weight, and compact size. We believe a Lithium-ion (Li-ion) battery completely meets these requirements. For the battery, there are three key points: 1 Battery cell specification 2 State Of Charge (SOC) detection method 3 Temperature management for Li-ion battery. We have already proposed the battery cell and the SOC detection during SAE 2013, and now we are going to introduce “Temperature Management”. If the temperature of a Li-ion battery operates over 60 degrees Celsius, the battery could be severely damaged. Therefore, temperature management of the battery is very important. Conventionally, the temperature is managed by several thermistors and a cooling fan.
Journal Article

A Novel Distortion Cancelling Technique Enabling 50-Mbps High Speed Data Transmission for Bus Connected ECUs

2015-04-14
2015-01-0198
With the evolution of automotive features, larger flash program size has been required even at the local electronic control units (ECUs). As the flash programming data rate increases, Ethernet is adopted as a global data port from the external source. However, it can not be applied to the bus type network topology between the domain control unit (DCU) and the local ECUs, because it uses a peer-to-peer type network topology. On the other hand, high speed CAN-FD has been studied recently for this bus topology, but its data rate is limited at the range of several mega bps due to the signal waveform distortion caused by the multiple reflections at the non-terminated stubs. This paper describes a novel distortion cancelling for the bus topology as the pre-emphasis technique, in which the digital signal processing (DSP) compensates the complicated signal distortion caused by the multiple reflections.
X