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Technical Paper

Development of High Performance Radiators by Fin Optimization

Requirements for fuel economy improvement and reduction in the vehicles engine compartment have increased significantly in the pass years. Performances in radiators have driven changes in terms of compactness and weight reductions. By focusing on the air flow we have optimized the radiator fin and developed a high performance radiator. A similar performance was achieved using an 11mm core depth which has 30% weight reduction compared to a 16mm core depth. The purpose of this paper is to present a technical outline about fin optimization.
Technical Paper

Reduction of the BPF Noise Radiated from an Engine Cooling Fan

This study investigates the reduction of the Blade Passing Frequency (BPF) noise radiated from an automotive engine cooling fans, especially in case of the fan with an eccentric shroud. In recent years, with the increase of HV and EV, noise reduction demand been increased. Therefore it is necessary to reduce engine cooling fan noise. In addition, as a vehicle trend, engine rooms have diminished due to expansion of passenger rooms. As a result, since the space for engine cooling fans need to be small. In this situation, shroud shapes have become complicated and non-axial symmetric (eccentric). Generally, the noise of fan with an eccentric shroud becomes worse especially for BPF noise. So it is necessary to reduce the fan BPF noise. The purposes of this paper is to find sound sources of the BPF noise by measuring sound intensity and to analyze the flow structure around the blade by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD).
Technical Paper

Study of Cooling Drag Reduction Method by Controlling Cooling Flow

As the demand for improved fuel economy increases and new CO2 regulations have been issued, aerodynamic drag reduction has become more critical. One of the important factors to consider is cooling drag. One way to reduce cooling drag is to decrease the air flow volume through the front grille, but this has an undesirable impact on cooling performance as well as component heat load in the under-hood area. For this reason, cooling drag reduction methods while keeping reliability, cooling performance and component heat management were investigated in this study. At first, air flow volume reduction at high speed was studied, where aerodynamic drag has the greatest influence. For vehicles sold in the USA, cooling specification tends to be determined based on low speed, while towing or driving up mountain roads, and therefore, there may be extra cooling capacity under high speed conditions.
Technical Paper

Quantification of Interface Thermal Resistance and Prediction of Thermal Conductivity by Observation of Stereoscopic Filler Dispersion in Polymer Composites

In electronic products, the recently increasing thermal radiation demands higher thermal conductivity of polymer composites. However, inaccurate observation of the filler dispersion within the polymer does not allow for accurate quantification of Interface Thermal Resistance and subsequently the prediction of thermal conductivity. Therefore, optimum filler design could not be achieved. Firstly in this report, accurate stereoscopic filler dispersion was observed by FIB-SEM. Secondly, quantification of Interface Thermal Resistance could be achieved by thermal conduction analysis using filler dispersion model. Thirdly, this Interface Thermal Resistance enabled the prediction of the thermal bulk conductivity. Lastly, the prediction made above could be validated by comparison of predicted value to measured value. This result may lead to optimum filler design and thereby to the development of higher thermal radiation materials.
Technical Paper

Multifunctional Surface Treatment for Car Air Conditioners

In order to improve corrosion resistance and thermal efficiency of the air conditioner evaporator, a coating which provides hydrophilicity was formed over the chromate coating. In addition, there has been greater demand for air with fewer smells. This report describes the cause of “dusty odor” and a method to reduce it. The dusty odor is caused by a little corrosion of the substrate aluminum. Hydrophilic coating film dissolves little by little in condensed water, and substrate aluminum is exposed. A method to prevent the odor was developed by forming a coating giving hydrophilicity and durability to the evaporator surface.
Journal Article

Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Analysis of Flow Structures Generated around Engine Cooling Fan

A cooling fan is one of the primary components affecting the cooling performance of an engine cooling system. In recent years, with the increase in electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles (HVs), the cooling performance and noise level of the cooling fan have become very important. Thus, the development of a low-noise fan with the same cooling performance is urgently required. To address this issue, it is critical to find the relation between the performance of the fan and the flow structures generated around it, which is discussed in the present paper. Specifically, a computational method is employed that uses unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) coupling with a sliding mesh (SLM). Measurements of the P-Q (Pressure gain-Flow rate) characteristics are performed to validate the predictive accuracy of the simulation.