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Technical Paper

Design of Transmission Electro-Hydraulic Control Module

2013-04-08
2013-01-0302
The demand for better driving comfort, fuel efficiency and reduced CO2 output has been becoming increasingly stringent. In response to such needs, we developed Transmission Electro-Hydraulic Control Module (TEHCM). For Automatic Transmission, expanding the lock-up control area is necessary to improve fuel efficiency. Meanwhile, lock-up control at lower speeds aggravates shift quality. To improve shift quality, Automatic Transmission Fluid (ATF) pressure control must be precise is needed. This can be accomplished by compensating for deviation in TEHCM, which integrates Transmission Control Unit (TCU) and the pressure control actuator, Variable Force Solenoid (VFS). However, there are two problems in installing TEHCM in compact vehicle. The first problem is the miniaturization of such TEHCM. Regarding modules that require a high electrical current to operate the VFS, thermal conductivity contradicts miniaturization.
Journal Article

Fuel Economy Analysis of Alternator with Kinetic Energy Storage for a Conventional Vehicle

2013-04-08
2013-01-0481
This paper evaluates the effect of our new alternator concept for a conventional vehicle, which is able to generate electricity by storing kinetic energy of the vehicle in the high speed flywheel as rotation energy under deceleration. The alternator constructs a planetary gear device and multiple clutch-brakes perform CVT, alternator and high speed flywheel without an expensive electric device, mechanical CVT and vacuum pump. So it has high cost performance.
Technical Paper

Development of High Performance Radiators by Fin Optimization

2014-04-01
2014-01-0635
Requirements for fuel economy improvement and reduction in the vehicles engine compartment have increased significantly in the pass years. Performances in radiators have driven changes in terms of compactness and weight reductions. By focusing on the air flow we have optimized the radiator fin and developed a high performance radiator. A similar performance was achieved using an 11mm core depth which has 30% weight reduction compared to a 16mm core depth. The purpose of this paper is to present a technical outline about fin optimization.
Technical Paper

Reduction of the BPF Noise Radiated from an Engine Cooling Fan

2014-04-01
2014-01-0631
This study investigates the reduction of the Blade Passing Frequency (BPF) noise radiated from an automotive engine cooling fans, especially in case of the fan with an eccentric shroud. In recent years, with the increase of HV and EV, noise reduction demand been increased. Therefore it is necessary to reduce engine cooling fan noise. In addition, as a vehicle trend, engine rooms have diminished due to expansion of passenger rooms. As a result, since the space for engine cooling fans need to be small. In this situation, shroud shapes have become complicated and non-axial symmetric (eccentric). Generally, the noise of fan with an eccentric shroud becomes worse especially for BPF noise. So it is necessary to reduce the fan BPF noise. The purposes of this paper is to find sound sources of the BPF noise by measuring sound intensity and to analyze the flow structure around the blade by Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD).
Technical Paper

Study of Cooling Drag Reduction Method by Controlling Cooling Flow

2014-04-01
2014-01-0679
As the demand for improved fuel economy increases and new CO2 regulations have been issued, aerodynamic drag reduction has become more critical. One of the important factors to consider is cooling drag. One way to reduce cooling drag is to decrease the air flow volume through the front grille, but this has an undesirable impact on cooling performance as well as component heat load in the under-hood area. For this reason, cooling drag reduction methods while keeping reliability, cooling performance and component heat management were investigated in this study. At first, air flow volume reduction at high speed was studied, where aerodynamic drag has the greatest influence. For vehicles sold in the USA, cooling specification tends to be determined based on low speed, while towing or driving up mountain roads, and therefore, there may be extra cooling capacity under high speed conditions.
Technical Paper

Evaporator with Integrated Ejector for Automotive Cabin Cooling

2012-04-16
2012-01-1048
The ejector is a fluid pump that recovers expansion energy, which is wasted in the conventional refrigeration cycle decompression process, and converts the recovered expansion energy into pressure energy. In the ejector cycle, the ejector helps to reduce power consumption of the compressor by using the above mentioned pressure-rising effect. Consequently, the ejector system can improve energy efficiency of the refrigeration cycle. In previous work, the ejector cycle was used to reduce power consumption in refrigeration cycles for a cool-box (a beverage cooling inside the vehicle) and refrigerated truck box. Both of these applications used the ejector to achieve refrigerant pressure/temperature below the vehicle cabin temperature. Now, the ejector has been integrated into the vehicle cabin evaporator to reduce power consumption of the refrigeration cycle for vehicle cabin cooling.
Journal Article

Proper Orthogonal Decomposition Analysis of Flow Structures Generated around Engine Cooling Fan

2014-04-01
2014-01-0667
A cooling fan is one of the primary components affecting the cooling performance of an engine cooling system. In recent years, with the increase in electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid vehicles (HVs), the cooling performance and noise level of the cooling fan have become very important. Thus, the development of a low-noise fan with the same cooling performance is urgently required. To address this issue, it is critical to find the relation between the performance of the fan and the flow structures generated around it, which is discussed in the present paper. Specifically, a computational method is employed that uses unsteady Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (URANS) coupling with a sliding mesh (SLM). Measurements of the P-Q (Pressure gain-Flow rate) characteristics are performed to validate the predictive accuracy of the simulation.
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