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Reliability Analysis of Adhesive for PBT-Epoxy Interface

PBT (polybutylene terephthalate) and epoxy adhesive, which both have superior heat resistance and environmental resistance, are a representative combination now being applied to many parts. Generally, PBT is annealed after molding at a temperature above the glass transition temperature to ensure dimensional stability when in use. But in this case, this process decreases the adhesive strength between PBT and epoxy. This study analyzes the adhesion degradation mechanism in this system and a countermeasure technology is proposed. Regarding this PBT-epoxy adhesion degradation mechanism, focus is placed on changes in the fracture surface, which is analyzed before and after annealing. From this analysis it becomes clear that generation of a WBL (weak boundary layer) is caused by non-crystallization and a migration of the PBT functional group on the adhesion surface layer.