A Study of Three Layer Copper-Lead Bearings Without Nickel Barrier
The advent of high-performance, compact, and lightweight engines in recent years brings forth a tendency to increase the load for engine bearings and demands on producing even higher levels of durability and reliability in bearing products against fatigue, seizure, wear, and corrosion. Based on the perspective of extending the bearing life, the authors have studied the problems that are encountered with the current three layer copper-lead alloy bearings after their overlay has worn out. Then, we studied the issues of lowered seizure resistance that results from the exposure of the nickel barrier, and of deficient corrosion resistance that results from the exposure of the bearing alloy. In order to improve upon these areas, we focused on diffusion phenomenon of overlay elements without the nickel barrier and also studied the feasibility of creating engine bearings whose alloy composition has been partially modified.