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Technical Paper

An Approach to the ANALYTICAL Design of Aircraft

FOR preliminary design work on transport airplanes, a graphical method is outlined for determining the effect which changes in a set of chosen major design variables will have on the airplane's ability to meet a given set of specifications and regulations. Engines, propellers, and wing geometry are selected. Then for each condition laid down as a specification or regulation, a limiting curve of maximum weight allowed by the condition is plotted as a function of wing area. These curves are developed from basic data and standard equations. If it is possible to meet all the conditions, the limiting curves - when plotted together on one graph - will enclose an area on the “allowable” side of all curves.
Technical Paper

Fuselage Configuration Studies

Because of the rapid growth of air travel, both cargo and passenger, the payload capacity required for future transport aircraft is too great to be accommodated by fuselages of conventional configuration (that is, single-deck, single-aisle, up to 6 seats abreast). Fuselage design philosophy was therefore re-evaluated in a recent Douglas study, and this paper reviews some of the features of that study. Factors affecting fuselage design are outlined and trends are discussed. It is concluded that the forthcoming wide, single-deck fuselage, seating up to 10 abreast, will have a potential capacity of about 550 passengers. For larger capacities, the greater efficiency of multi-deck fuselages over that of the single-deck becomes increasingly apparent on a per-passenger basis. The use of multi-deck fuselages, however, will raise new problems-particularly those of airport terminal design and passenger evacuation-but these should not prove insurmountable.