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Technical Paper

Digital Aeroacoustics Design Method of Climate Systems for Improved Cabin Comfort

Over the past decades, interior noise from wind noise or engine noise have been significantly reduced by leveraging improvements of both the overall vehicle design and of sound package. Consequently, noise sources originating from HVAC systems (Heat Ventilation and Air Conditioning), fans or exhaust systems are becoming more relevant for perceived quality and passenger comfort. This study focuses on HVAC systems and discusses a Flow-Induced Noise Detection Contributions (FIND Contributions) numerical method enabling the identification of the flow-induced noise sources inside and around HVAC systems. This methodology is based on the post-processing of unsteady flow results obtained using Lattice Boltzmann based Method (LBM) Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations combined with LBM-simulated Acoustic Transfer Functions (ATF) between the position of the sources inside the system and the passenger’s ears.
Technical Paper

Direct Aeroacoustics Predictions of Automotive HVAC Systems based on Lattice Boltzmann Method

The demand for low noise level in vehicle cabin continues to rise lately. In particular, noise generated by eco-friendly cars such as hybrid and electric ones tends to become lower and lower. In this market environment, the noise contributions caused by HVAC systems are also increasing. Therefore, it becomes increasingly important to accurately predict noise generated by HVAC systems and analyze the noise sources and resolve the noise issue. In this study, direct acoustics prediction approach based on Lattice Boltzmann Method is applied to predict the flow-induced noise from HVAC systems including blower and ducts and find noise sources. In order to validate the simulation result, acoustics measurements are performed on HVAC systems in an anechoic room and the results are compared to each other. A new technique is applied to finding a noise source for a specific frequency and shows improved noise level through modifying the geometry related to noise sources detected by the simulation.