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Technical Paper

SP-100 Technology Scales from Kilowatts to Megawatts

System level design studies of space applications ranging in power from 77 kWt to 200 MWt have indicated no practical limit to the thermal power that can be reliably generated by a space reactor system based on the technologies being developed in the SP-100 program. These technologies include uranium nitride fuel, PWC-11/rhenium bonded fuel cladding, PWC-11 structural material for the lithium coolant boundary, electromagnetic coolant pumps, safety and reactivity control drive mechanisms, sensors, shielding materials, etc. at operating temperatures up to 1400K. The physical arrangements and characteristics of the nuclear reactor materials are described. The physical size of components and the arrangement of components change, but the basic technologies required are generally the same, irrespective of the total power output.
Technical Paper

Interplanetary and Lunar Surface SP-100 Nuclear Power Applications

This paper describes how the SP-100 Space Reactor Power System (SRPS) can be tailored to meet the specific requirements for a lunar surface power system to meet the needs of the consolidation and utilization phases outlined in the 90-day NASA SEI study report. This same basic power system can also be configured to obtain the low specific masses needed to enable robotic interplanetary science missions employing Nuclear Electric Propulsion (NEP). In both cases it is shown that the SP-100 SRPS can meet the specific requirements. For interplanetary NEP missions, performance upgrades currently being developed in the area of light weight radiators and improved thermoelectric material are assumed to be technology ready in the year 2000 time frame. For lunar applications, some system rearrangement and enclosure of critical components are necessary modifications to the present baseline design.
Technical Paper

Noise Considerations in the Design of Advanced Subsonic Transport Turbofan Engines

The problems and choices in the design of an advanced subsonic transport turbofan for reduced noise and improved aircraft performance are examined in this paper. The effects of bypass ratio, fan pressure ratio, and fan tip speed on jet noise, fan noise, and acoustic treatment suppression are described. The results do not indicate a clear optimum bypass ratio considering the effects upon installed engine performance and weight as well as acoustic performance. Low fan tip speed designs with the associated high aerodynamic loading are compared to high tip speed low loading designs. Other factors affecting noise such as the installation and other noise sources are discussed. The long duct installation is indicated to have potential advantages over the short duct separate flow installation. The problem of assuring that growth models of an engine also have low noise is discussed.
Technical Paper

Alternative Concepts for Advanced Energy Conservative Transport Engines

Alternative engine concepts to the advanced high bypass turbofan which have promise of reducing energy consumption including regenerative cycles and other engines with heat exchangers, unconventional engine arrangements such as geared fan engines, and high disc loading turboprops. After initial screening, several concepts were selected for a systematic evaluation of the merits of each relative to a high bypass turbofan based on advanced technology consistent with the mid 1980's time period. Both mission fuel and direct operating cost for typical long range transport missions were considered in the evaluation.
Technical Paper

Quiet Clean Short-Haul Experimental Engine (QCSEE) Design Rationale

The principal design features of the NASA QCSEE UnderThe-Wing and Over-The-Wing powered lift propulsion systems are given. In the UTW engine, these include noise reduction features, a variable pitch low pressure ratio fan, a fan drive reduction gear, an advanced core and low pressure turbine with a low pollution combustor, a digital control, and advanced composite construction for the inlet, fan frame, fan exhaust duct, and variable area fan exhaust nozzle. The OTW engine is similar but has higher fan pressure and a fixed pitch fan. Both engines are scheduled to be fabricated and tested starting in 1976.