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Technical Paper

Virtual Road Load Data Acquisition for Twist Axle Rear Suspension

The twist axle has highly complicated load paths because of its multiple functions of suspension components. This nature of the twist axle suspension makes the fixed reacted multi-axial suspension test more sophisticated than for other independent suspensions. GM has used Virtual Road Load Data Acquisition (vRLDA) for laboratory tests in the past, but this is the first application of vRLDA for a twist axle multi-axial suspension durability test. In order to utilize vRLDA data for the test input, a new approach to 8 channel multi-axial suspension durability test development was proposed for a twist axle rear suspension. vRLDA for a GM vehicle with twist axle rear suspension was performed and briefly discussed. Instead of using strain data from the twist axle for correlation channels, inboard channels such as shock tower vertical and trailing arm forces were used in the test development.
Technical Paper

Dynamic Vehicle Durability Simulation and Applications using Modal Stress Methodology

Dynamic modal frequency structural analysis incorporating ADAMS/Flex dynamic load prediction and structural modal stress can provide accurate dynamic stress history for fatigue analysis and synthesis. The amount of data input to finite element analysis is reduced significantly compared to traditional modal & direct transient finite element analysis techniques. Compared to traditional dynamic loads prediction, no additional simulation effort is required except for incorporating flexible body models of structural components into the ADAMS model. This structural analysis technique seamlessly comprehends the correct geometry and force boundary conditions together for long duration dynamic stress calculations. This technique also provided the solution for the deficiency of traditional quasi-static inertia relief method, which is particularly significant for structural system with either significant deformation or articulation.