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Technical Paper

Fault Model-Based Interactive Service Procedure Tool

This paper presents an interactive, fault model-based prototype diagnostic tool that will assist service technicians in isolating the root cause of vehicle problems and performing corrective repairs. Current automotive service procedures are driven primarily by static service manuals that inform technicians on the service steps in case a specific diagnostic trouble code (DTC) is set in a vehicle. Although comprehensive, these service procedures usually require technicians to gather and integrate diagnostic information from several sources, such as DTCs, customer complaints and manual test results. This can lead to increased repair time and labor costs. The fault model-based interactive service procedure tool discussed in this paper will guide the technician to isolate the fault and provide him/her with recommendations for the correct repair actions. The tool uses a fault model, built using service procedures information, historical repair data and engineering inputs.
Journal Article

Hybrid Automata Modeling of SI Gasoline Engines towards State Estimation for Fault Diagnosis

Mean Value Engine Models, commonly used for model based fault diagnosis of SI engines, fail to capture the within-cycle dynamics of engines, often resulting in reduced fault sensitivity. This paper presents a new Hybrid Automata based modeling approach for characterizing the within-cycle dynamics of the thermo-fluidic processes in a Spark Ignition Gasoline Engine, targeted for use in model based fault diagnosis. Further, using a hybrid version of the Extended Kalman Filter (EKF), the states from the nonlinear hybrid automata based dynamic model are estimated and their results validated w.r.t standard industrial simulation software, AMESim. It is observed that due to the switching of within cycle engine dynamics, causing mode change, there is a corresponding change in model's structure which in turn can cause change in system's observability.