Significant NOx Formation at the Tip of Diesel Spray Flames and Its Reduction by Enhanced Mixing in the Tip Region
Similarities in the structure of spray flames suggest that higher fuel injection speeds would reduce NOx emission as the fuel residence time in the reaction zone would shorter. However, in diesel combustion it is commonly known that NOx emissions increase when the fuel injection velocity is increased. The authors have assumed that the mixing time scale is significantly large at the spray tip region where most of the NOx in the emissions is formed. The increase in NOx by the higher injection velocity in engines can be explained as the mixing time scale increases corresponding to the penetration length relative to the nozzle diameter. The purpose of this paper is to confirm this assumption and to show an effective method to reduce NOx emissions based on the analysis. Experiments were made to measure NOx from a jet flame injected in a closed vessel with different injection speeds and injection periods.