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Technical Paper

48 Development of Exhaust Valve Seat Insert Material for High Performance Engines

Engines are assigned big subjects such as low emission and low fuel consumption as well as higher output (higher efficiency) in the latest trend of environmental protection. In order to meet these requirements, Air/Fuel ratio of recent high performance engines is being arranged leaner than that of conventional engines. As a result exhaust valve seat inserts used in these engines have problems of their wear resistance because of high exhaust gas temperature. By analyzing wear mechanism under the lean burn conditions, authors developed material for exhaust valve seat inserts which show superior wear resistance under high operating temperature. For the purpose to enhance heat resistance, authors added alloy steel powder for matrix powder and used hard particles which have good diffusion with matrix. The developed material does not include Ni and Co powders for cost saving and has superior machinability.
Technical Paper

Development of a Low Precious-metal Automotive Perovskite Catalytic System for LEV-II

For global environmental protection and resource conservation, Honda has developed a low precious-metal perovskite catalyst system in response to LEV-II, which achieves both low emissions and a reduction in the amount of precious metal used. The amount of precious metals used in the catalyst, per vehicle, is expected to be 50% less than in conventional systems. This system is comprised of an air-fuel ratio control system based on Honda's unique high-accuracy air-fuel control system, combined with a perovskite catalyst jointly developed with the US Company CSI. This system's performance is expected to reach the levels required by LEV-II regulations. Perovskite is a mix-metal oxide material that is widely used in general applications other than catalysts. However, it has not been widely used in automobile catalysts, because, in comparison with precious-metal catalysts, both the heat resistance and conversion efficiency during the warm-up process is reduced.