Research on the Optimization of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Powertrain Heating-Up Process
Hybrid electric vehicle (HEVs) represents a promising approach to reduce vehicle fuel consumption and exhaust emissions. However, due to the electric motor (EM) assistance, the engine load could be reduced and intermittent operation of engine is realizable in HEVs powertrain system. Consequently, the HEV powertrain heating-up process and engine fuel consumption will be changed accordingly. Therefore, the influences of the EM power and battery capacity on the hybrid powertrain heating-up process and the engine fuel consumption will be analyzed, and 2 methods for optimizing the heating-up process by applying the auxiliary heaters (AHs) and the modification of the energy management strategy are represented. The application of AHs can improve engine efficiency during heating-up; the controlling of the power flow from the AHs to the ICE cooling system is of special important.