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Technical Paper

Effect of Load and Inflation Pressure on Contact Force and Pressure Distribution for Two Types of Light Duty Truck Tires

2007-10-30
2007-01-4258
One of the main concerns in road conservation and maintenance activities is the interaction between tire and road through the contact patch. The internal air pressure and the weight supported by the tire are factors that affect the force and pressure transmitted to road surface by the vehicle. An experimental study related with load distribution and pressure in the tire's contact patch is presented in this paper. For testing, a lab prototype was used to determine the static load distribution along and transversally to the tire's contact patch. Two types of tires, both for light trucks, were used: one single radial and the other bias-ply, this last type in dual configuration. Several combinations of vertically supported load and air pressure were applied to testing tires. Results showed that contact pressure is uneven in the contact patch and lower than air pressure for the radial tire, but in some cases higher for the bias-ply tires in dual configuration.
Technical Paper

On-Board Instrumentation to Assess Articulated Vehicle Maneuverability

2007-10-30
2007-01-4215
This paper presents an on-board instrumentation to evaluate articulated vehicle maneuvers, using a system that combines a set of sensors and a GPS receiver with custom-made evaluation software. This system allows evaluating vehicle maneuverability and the performance of the truck's driver in real time. Also the performance measures and test maneuvers are briefly described.
Technical Paper

Fuzzy-logic Controller for Automatic Forced-steering in Semi-trailers

2008-10-07
2008-01-2701
Trucks with semi-trailers are widely used for transportation of goods due their low operation cost, but inherent to these vehicles are some problems such as a poor maneuverability. To minimize the effects of this disadvantage, among other solutions, the incorporation of steerable axles in the semi-trailers has been proposed. This paper presents a steering equation, and a fuzzy-logic controller for a semi-trailer automatic forced-steering system to minimize the off-tracking and the total swept path width, resulting in an improvement of vehicle's maneuverability at low speeds. To accomplish this, the suggested control algorithm considers the articulation angle, and parameters such as vehicle speed and direction. The system was tested on an instrumented experimental semi-trailer during various predetermined test maneuvers.
Technical Paper

Experimental Study of the Maneuverability of a Testing Trailer with a Steering Axle at Low Speed Maneuvers

2008-10-07
2008-01-2705
The tractor-trailer combination is one of the articulated vehicular configurations for road cargo transportation most widely used. Due to the length of these articulated vehicles and the coupling geometrical characteristics, they undergo poor maneuverability. In order to obtain a better understanding of the maneuverability, this paper deals with an experimental one-axle semi-trailer coupled to a light duty pick up truck being used to perform some low speed maneuvers. These test maneuvers include stationary and transient turns, as well as slalom type ones, performed while the semi-trailer axle is set directionally straight or steerable. During each maneuver condition, parameters as planar articulation angle, tractor and trailer yaw rates, and the correspondent steering angles were measured.
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