Aerodynamic Shape Optimization Based on the MIRA Reference Car Model
Automobile industry is facing the great challenge of energy conservation and emission reduction. It's necessary to do some researches on some surface components of a car body to find out which of them may affect aerodynamic drag remarkably. This will help an aerodynamic engineer modify an initial car model more clearly. We also hope to reduce the cost during the process, including time and resources. In this paper, with the purpose of developing an aerodynamic shape optimization process and realizing its automation, a MIRA reference car model was studied and three commercial softwares were integrated-Altair HyperStudy, HyperMesh and CD-adapco STAR-CCM+. The optimization strategy in this paper was: firstly, a DOE (design of experiment) matrix, which contained four design factors and thirty levels was created. The baseline model was morphed according to the DOE matrix. Then the morphed model's aerodynamic drag coefficient (Cd) and lift coefficient (Cl) were calculated via CFD software.