The Use of Palladium in Advanced Catalysts
New advanced Pd only, Pd:Rh and Pt:Pd:Rh catalysts are compared with a current platinum rhodium catalyst after poisoning and thermal ageing. The results indicate that at equivalent precious metal cost (at 1994 prices) the advanced palladium based catalysts achieve significantly improved performance compared with current Pt, Rh and Pd technology. The new Pd:Rh formulation is recommended for close coupled locations and the Pt:Pd:Rh formulation recommended for underfloor locations where residual fuel lead may be present. The formation of H2S is shown to be low with the palladium based catalysts. Finally, it is shown that the new catalysts with balanced oxidation and reduction capability perform better in multi-brick systems than addition of a highly loaded palladium only front brick.