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Technical Paper

Integrated Engineering for Optimized Structural Dynamics Analysis

1992-04-01
920909
“Noise and vibration are not invented here!”. Undesirable structural dynamic behaviour is normally experienced on final assemblies, by which time the underlying cause of the problem is difficult to solve intuitively. Solving the problems classically involves the partial breakdown of assemblies and the application of various structural dynamics testing and analysis procedures. Preferably, noise and vibration problems should be avoided by designing the product right the first time, by the use of various integrated analysis and testing disciplines, from the component level to the final assembly. Such an approach is referred to, in a broader sense, by trendy themes as concurrent engineering, forward engineering, simultaneous engineering.... This paper analyzes trends in analytical and experimental structural dynamics toward better integration of the various discipline oriented techniques that are currently used.
Technical Paper

Optimizing R&H and NVH Performances Early in the Design Process via Multi Body Simulation

2009-05-19
2009-01-2087
This paper presents a CAE based approach to accurately simulate and optimize Ride and Handling metrics. Because of the wide range of vehicle phenomena involved, across the variety of frequency ranges, it is essential that the vehicle model includes proper representation of the dynamic properties of the various subsystems (e.g. tires, steering, PT, etc.) Precise correlation between test and simulation for standalone vehicle components and systems is achieved by replicating in the MBS (Multi-body Simulation) the same tests and boundary conditions. This allows the analyst to correctly define those crucial elements and parameters which have the greatest effect on the R&H attribute to be investigated. Setting up the simulation to correctly represent only one single maneuver simulation at a time would not allow the analyst to consider how the dynamic properties of the chassis design variables should be tuned to achieve to best balance and trade-offs.
Technical Paper

Simulating Acoustic Engine Performance Over a Broad Frequency Range

2011-01-19
2011-26-0019
Acoustic performance of vehicle engines is a real challenge for powertrain design engineers. Quiet engines are required to reduce noise pollution and satisfy pass-by noise regulations, but also to improve the driving comfort. Simulation techniques such as the Boundary Element Method (BEM) have already been available for some time and allow predicting the vibro-acoustic response of engines. Although the accuracy of these simulation techniques has been proven, a challenge still remains in the required computation time. Given the large amount of speeds for a full engine run-up and the need to cover a large frequency range, computation times are significant, which limits the possibility to perform many design iterations to optimize the system. In 2001, Acoustic Transfer Vectors (ATV) [1] have been presented to adequately deal with multiple rpm. The ATV provide the acoustic response for unit surface velocities and are therefore independent from the engine's actual surface vibrations.
Technical Paper

Powertrain Mounting System Layout for Decoupling Rigid-Body Modes in the Vehicle Concept Design Stage

2013-04-08
2013-01-1706
This paper presents a method and corresponding software implementation for powertrain (PWT) mounting system layout design for decoupling rigid-body modes in the torque roll axis system. The novelty in the proposed method is that it requires a minimal set of inputs for determining mount topology, orientation and stiffness properties for decoupling powertrain modes, and as such it can be used at early design stages, unlike the conventional approaches based on analysis and optimization techniques. Consequently, PWT mounts can be positioned and oriented close to their optimal configuration, allowing to develop more realistic full vehicle models for conceptual (or early stage) designs and to run a more accurate dynamic analysis concerning secondary ride and vibrations. The proposed methodology is illustrated on a powertrain mounting system design example case.
Technical Paper

Investigation of Gravel Noise Mechanisms and Impact Noise Transfer

2007-05-15
2007-01-2274
Impact noise, inside a car, due to tire-launched gravel on the road can lead to loss of quality perception. Gravel noise is mainly caused by small-sized particles which are too small to be seen on the road by the driver. The investigation focuses on the identification of the mechanisms of excitation and transfer. The spatial distribution of the particles flying from a tire is determined, as well as the probable impact locations on the vehicle body-panels. Finally the relative noise contributions of the body-panels are estimated by adding the panel-to-ear transfer functions. This form of Transfer-Path-Analysis allows vehicle optimization and target setting on the level of the tires, exterior panel treatment and isolation.
Technical Paper

Uncertainty-Based Design in Automotive and Aerospace Engineering

2007-04-16
2007-01-0355
While CAE methods allow improving nominal product design using virtual prototypes, uncertainty and variability in properties and manufacturing processes lead to scatter in actual performances. Uncertainty must hence be incorporated in the CAE process to guarantee the robustness and reliability of the design. This paper presents an overview of uncertainty-based design in automotive and aerospace engineering. Fuzzy methods take uncertainty into account, whereas reliability analysis and a reliability-based design optimization framework can deal with variability. Key enabling technologies to alleviate the computational burden, such as workflow automation, substructuring and design of experiments, are discussed, and industrial applications are presented.
Technical Paper

Advances in Industrial Modal Analysis

2001-03-05
2001-01-3832
One of the scientific fields where, for already more than 20 years, system identification plays a crucial role is this of structural dynamics and vibro-acoustic system optimization. The experimental approach is based on the “Modal Analysis” concept. The present paper reviews the test procedure and system identification principles of this approach. The main focus though is on the real problems with which engineers, performing modal analysis on complex structures on a daily basis, are currently confronted. The added value of several new testing approaches (laser methods, smart transducers…) and identification algorithms (spatial domain, subspace, maximum likelihood,..) for solving these problems is shown. The discussed elements are illustrated with a number of industrial case studies.
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