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Technical Paper

Correlations Among Monotonic Tensile Properties and Simple Approximations that Predict Strain-Controlled Fatigue Properties of Steels

In this study, a new nonlinear correlation between Brinell hardness and ultimate tensile strength is proposed. The correlation factor in this case is higher than that found in the current literature. The ultimate tensile strength is replaced by an equivalent hardness expression in the Modified Universal Slopes Method. This change results in fatigue parameters that are predicted using hardness, true fracture ductility, and modulus of elasticity. This new fatigue life prediction approach is compared with the original Modified Universal Slopes method and experimental data in literature. This method is valid for steel with hardness that ranges from 150HB to 660HB. The results show that this method provides better approximations of the strain-life curves when compared with the Modified Universal Slopes and experimental data.
Technical Paper

Effect of Temperature on Weld Strength in Chrome Moly Space Frames

Chromium Molybdenum Steel (AISI 4130), commonly referred to as “Chrome Moly”, is one of the most popular materials used in the construction of tubular space frames and chassis components for racing applications. Its high strength, light weight and comparably low material cost make the reasons for its popularity quite obvious. However, there is one problem that is commonly overlooked: maintaining the strength component of Chrome Moly in areas exposed to high levels of heat followed by rapid cooling during welding. This paper seeks to better understand the affects of cooling due to welding on the strength of Chrome Moly tubing.
Technical Paper

Experimental Investigation on the Influence of Pressure Wheel Design on Heat Dissipation for a Laser Robotic End of Arm Tooling

The initiative of this paper is focused on improving the heat dissipation from the pressure wheel of a laser welding assembly in order to achieve a longer period of use. The work examines the effects of different geometrical designs on the thermal performance of pressure wheel assembly during a period of cooling time. Three disc designs were manufactured for testing: Design 1 – a plain wheel, Design 2 – a pierced wheel, and Design 3 – a wheel with ventilating vanes. All of the wheels were made of carbon steel. The transient thermal reaction were compared. The experimental results indicate that the ventilated wheel cools down faster with the convection in the ventilated channels, while the solid plain wheel continues to possess higher temperatures. A comparison among the three different designs indicates that the Design 3 has the best cooling performance.
Technical Paper

An Application of Digital Image Correlation (DIC) Method in Large-Scale I-Beams Bending Test

AASHTO I-Beam is a standard structural concrete part for bridge sections. The flexural performance of an AASHTO I-Beam is critical for bridge design. This paper presents an application of Digital Image Correlation (DIC) Method in full-scale AASHTO I-Beam flexural performance study. A full-scale AASHTO I-Beam pre-stressed with steel strands is tested by three-point bending method. The full-scale AASHTO I-Beam is first loaded from 0 kips to 100 kips and is then released from 100 kips to 0 kips. A dual-camera 3D Digital Image Correlation (DIC) system is used to measure the deflection and strain distribution during the testing. From the DIC results, the micro-crack generation progress during the loading progress can be observed clearly from the measured DIC strain map. To enable such a large-scale DIC measurement, the used DIC setup is optimized in terms of the optical imaging system and speckle pattern size.