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Technical Paper

Simulations Based Approach for Vehicle Idle NVH Optimization at Early Stage of Product Development

2011-05-17
2011-01-1591
The noise and vibration performance of diesel fueled automotives is critical for overall customer comfort. The stationary vehicle with engine running idle (Vehicle Idle) is a very common operating condition in city driving cycle. Hence it is most common comfort assessment criteria for diesel vehicles. Simulations and optimization of it in an early stage of product development cycle is priority for all OEMs. In vehicle idle condition, powertrain is the only major source of Noise and Vibrations. The key to First Time Right Idle NVH simulations and optimization remains being able to optimize all Transfer paths, from powertrain mounts to Driver Ear. This Paper talks about the approach established for simulations and optimization of powertrain forces entering in to frame by optimizing powertrain mount hard points and stiffness. Powertrain forces optimized through set process are further used to predict the vehicle passenger compartment noise and steering vibrations.
Technical Paper

Vehicle Interior Space Optimization through Occupant Seating Layout Apportioning

2017-07-10
2017-28-1923
Digital human models (DHM) have greatly enhanced design for the automotive environment. The major advantage of the DHMs today is their ability to quickly test a broad range of the population within specific design parameters. The need to create expensive prototypes and run time consuming clinics can be significantly reduced. However, while the anthropometric databases within these models are comprehensive, the ability to position the manikin’s posture is limited and needs lot of optimization. This study enhances the occupant postures and their seating positions, in all instances the occupant was instructed to adjust to the vehicle parameters so they were in their most comfortable position. While all the Occupants are accommodated to their respective positions which finally can be stacked up for space assessments. This paper aims at simulating those scenarios for different percentiles / population which will further aid in decision making for critical parameters.
Technical Paper

Novel, Compact and Light Weight Plenum Assembly for Automobiles

2017-07-10
2017-28-1924
Plenum is the part located between the front windshield and the bonnet of an automobile . It is primarily used as an air inlet to the HVAC during fresh air mode operation. It’s secondary functions include water drainage, aesthetic cover to hide the gap between windshield to bonnet, concealing wiper motors and mechanisms etc. The plenum consists mainly two sub parts viz. upper plenum and lower plenum. Conventional plenum design which is found in majority of global OEMs employ a plastic upper plenum and a metal lower plenum which spans across the entire width of engine compartment. This conventional lower plenum is bulky, consumes more packaging space and has more weight. In this paper, we propose a novel design for the plenum lower to overcome above mentioned limitations of the conventional design. This novel design employs a dry and wet box concept for its working and is made up of complete plastic material.
Technical Paper

DMADV Approach for Engineering Optimization and Quality - Application and Adaptability in Indian Automobile Industry

2017-07-10
2017-28-1930
Indian Automobile Industry has started using Six Sigma for Vehicle Design and process improvement to compete with Global competition. This Paper describes how the Tools of Six Sigma shall be used as an Effective Tool for both redefining the Design and the Process Improvement. This Paper talks on the evolution of DMADV approach in Indian Automobile Industry compared to the related Trends in Other Manufacturing Sectors. The Author describes how the warranty failures in Commercial Segment Vehicle Category which was the selling talk for the Competition was addressed in Leading Indian Automobile OEM. As this Failure was adversely impacting customer satisfaction and no solution seemed forthcoming, top Management indicated to use a radically different approach to solve the problem within a years’ time.
Technical Paper

A Simulation Approach for Identification and Design Optimization to Prevent Headrest Rattle

2019-01-09
2019-26-0190
Squeak and rattle concerns account for approximately 10% of overall vehicle Things Gone Wrong (TGW) and are a major quality concern for automotive OEM’s. Seat is one of the major contributors of squeak and rattle issues observed in customer verbatim. Seat head rest rod and bezel are designed concentric to each other with a gap that allows free movement and a locking pin to position at different levels. Due to the design gap and weight of the head rest there is always tendency for relative displacement leading to rattle issues. Seat headrest, is close to the customer ear and any rattles at headrest will create annoying driving experience. Also, the contradictory requirements between efforts and rattle makes the scenario more difficult to fine tune the bezel specifications. The root cause for head rest rattle issues can also be related to free play between bezel and seat frame, free play between bezel and cap, looseness between locking pin and headrest rod etc.
Technical Paper

Optimisation of Scooter Frame for Target Life on 2-Poster Rig with Virtual Simulation

2019-01-09
2019-26-0307
Vehicle frame evaluation at early stages of product development cycle is essential to reduce product turnaround time to market. In conventional approach of virtual validation it is required to evaluate the strength of the vehicle structure to account for the standard Service Load Analysis (SLA) loading conditions. But this paper describes on the strength analysis of scooter frame with derivation of critical static load cases. The critical load cases are extracted from the load-time history while the vehicle was simulated on durability virtual test rigs which is equivalent to proving ground tests. This methodology gives the better accuracy in prediction of stress levels and avoids the overdesign of components based on traditional validation technique. There is significant drop in stress levels using the critical load case approach as compared to conventional load case method.
Technical Paper

Vibro-acoustic transfer function measurement in vehicles using dodecahedral sound source and its application for material assessment

2019-06-05
2019-01-1532
NVH is an important aspect of vehicle design since it is one of the highest priorities and biggest influencing factors for customer while making decision to buy a vehicle. Hence, automotive engineers strive to design the superior cabin compartment to maintain pleasant levels of noise, vibration and the overall experience within the vehicle. To quantify the amount of energy transmitted between source and receiver region, transfer function analysis is primarily used. The focus of this paper is to measure vibro-acoustic transfer function using reciprocity approach instead of direct impact test measurement. It is found that the vibro-acoustic reciprocity holds true even for non-linear system like vehicle. The reciprocal measurement involves usage of dodecahedral sound source to acoustically excite the cabin from desired seating location and accelerometers are placed at all the locations of interest on vehicle body.
Technical Paper

Slinger Design in Live 4WD Axle for Tractor

2019-01-09
2019-26-0084
Proper lubrication is essential for any gear box & axle to get optimized performance. For getting desired life of gear train, we have to maintain minimum oil level inside the gear box or axle, whereas in case of rotating parts such as bearings and shafts, we have to provide sealing such as o rings & oil seals to stop oil coming out from the housing. But, if sealing is not proper seepage & leakage start and reduce the oil level inside the gear box. Oil deficiency leads to scuffing failure in gears and later occurrence of gear & bearing seizure ultimately fails the system. To sustain proper lubrication, we must seal the interfaces appropriately. There are different types of sealing available. Sealing is also depended on application and its location. To protect seal from external environment, we adopt a unique arrangement called slinger which enhances the life of seal.
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