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Technical Paper

Analysis in cyclic combustion Variation in a Lean Operating S.I. Engine

The causes of the cyclic combustion variation in a lean operating SI engine have been identified using multivariate analysis on the pressure-time data. Principal component analysis on the combustion characteristics obtained from the pressure-time data was conducted in order to select an index of an optimal released heat pattern for analyzing the causes of the cyclic combustion variation. Using this index and the released heat quantity, the IMEP variation was subjected to multiple regression analysis to identify the causes of the cyclic combustion variation. Optimizing the fuel injection timing and swirl ratio made it possible to enrich the mixture near the spark plug. With the lean limit thus extended, a SI engine was operated in a lean range, and the resultant pressure-time data were analyzed. It was found that the main cause of the IMEP variation in the lean operating SI engine was the released heat quantity variation.
Technical Paper

A Study About In-Cylinder Flow and Combustion in a 4-Valve S.I. Engine

Lean-burn technology is now being reviewed again in view of demands for higher efficiency and cleanness in internal combustion engines. The improvement of combustion using in-cylinder gas flow control is the fundamental technology for establishing lean-burn technology, but the great increase in main combustion velocity due to intensifying of turbulence causes a deterioration in performance such as increase in heat loss and N0x. Thus, it is desirable to improve combustion stability while suppressing the increase in main burn velocity as much as possible (1). It is expected that the fluid characteristics of the in-cylinder tumbling motion that the generated vortices during intake stroke breake down in end-half of compression stroke will satisfy the above requisition. This study is concerned with the effects of enhancing of tumble intensity on combustion in 4-valve S. I. engines.
Technical Paper

Surrounding Combustion Process (SCP) - New Concept for Lean Burn Engine

Both NOx and unburned HC were reduced by changing the direction of the flame propagation. It is generally said that the optimum ignition position of spark ignition engine is in the center of combustion chamber. However by igniting arround the chamber and propagating the flame toward the center, a smooth heat release pattern due to the decrease in the flame area and a decrease in the unburned gas entering the ring crevise can be anticipated. These effects of this combustion process, which was named the surrounding combustion process (SCP), were experimntally confirmed using the constant volume combustion vessels and the spark ignition engine equipped with six spark plugs per cylinder. Next, the steps for decreasing the number of ignitions TCre considered, and additional three spark plugs for SCP were installed in the four valve pentroof combustion chamber. With this engine, the NOx reduction and the capability of SCP to further improve the lean burn engine fuel economy were confirmed.
Technical Paper

A Study on Improvement of Indicated Thermal Efficiency of ICE Using High Compression Ratio and Reduction of Cooling Loss

Improvement of indicated thermal efficiency of internal combustion engines is required, and increasing the compression ratio is an effective solution. In this study, using a CAE analysis coupling a 0-dimensional combustion analysis and a 1-dimensional heat conduction analysis, the influence of compression ratio on indicated thermal efficiency and combustion was investigated. As a result, it was found that there was an optimal compression ratio that gave the best indicated thermal efficiency, because the increase of cooling loss caused by high compression was bigger than the increase of theoretical indicated thermal efficiency in some cases. Next, the influence of cooling loss reduction on the optimal compression ratio was investigated. It was found that indicated thermal efficiency improved by reducing cooling loss, because the compression ratio which made the best indicated thermal efficiency was shifted to higher compression ratio.