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Technical Paper

The Development of the Advanced Protocol for Automotive Local Area Multiplexing Network (Advanced PALMNET)

1994-03-01
940365
In order to expand the applicable range of in-vehicle LANs down to popular cars, drastic cost reduction is essential. In addition, an in-vehicle LAN with high transmission rate and advanced functioning is extremely important for the further spreading of vehicle electronics intended to enhance vehicle intelligence. We developed the Protocol for Automotive Low and Medium Speed Network (PALMNET) as an in-vehicle LAN system and put it into practical use in 1990. Based on this, we developed a new communication protocol and three ICs for an in-vehicle LAN called the Advanced Protocol for Automotive Local Area Multiplexing Network (Advanced PALMNET), which satisfies the above-mentioned requirements and covers the medium-to-low transmission rate (up to 125kbps) to high rate (up to 1Mbps).
Technical Paper

Diagnosis and Objective Evaluation of Gear Rattle

1991-05-01
911082
The objectives of this work were to establish a method to diagnose the source of gear rattle and to evaluate the rattle objectively. The methods are described in detail, applied to two passenger cars as an example. Investigations were conducted into transmission rattle under transient conditions. By analysing the transmission casing vibration with respect to the engine flywheel angle, and presenting the data in the form of contour maps, it was shown that the two vehicles had different characteristics of gear impacts. Further measurements of the angular motion of each gear revealed the impact conditions at the input mesh in the transmission largely controlled the character of the rattle and were fundamentally different between the two vehicles. A rattle index was developed, based on the casing vibration under transient driving conditions.
Technical Paper

Study on Torque Converter Circuit Profile

1992-02-01
920765
The pressure balance method, a theoretical analysis applicable to torque converter design, was employed to enhance torque converter performance. Using this method to investigate the influence of design factors on performance, a flow path shape which reduces oil flow loss was clarified and a higher performance torque converter was developed.
Technical Paper

The Theory of Cost Risk in Design

1999-03-01
1999-01-0495
In a recent paper (Hoult & Meador, [1]) a novel method of estimating the costs of parts, and assemblies of parts, was presented. This paper proposed that the metric for increments of cost was the function log (dimension/tolerance). Although such log functions have a history,given in [1], starting with Boltzman and Shannon, it is curious that it arises in cost models. In particular, the thermodynamic basis of information theory, given by Shannon [2], seems quite implausible in the present context. In [1], we called the cost theory “Complexity Theory”, mainly to distinguish it from information theory. A major purpose of the present paper is to present a rigorous argument of how the log function arises in the present context. It happens that the agrument hinges on two key issues: properties of the machine making or assembling the part, and a certain limit process. Neither involves thermodynamic reasoning.
Technical Paper

The Development of Carbon-Based Friction Material for Synchronizer Rings

1999-03-01
1999-01-1059
Today, most widely used synchronizer rings (SNRs) are made of brass (brass SNR). The development of superior SNR to brass SNR has been required for both shift feeling and durability, which are two important requirements for SNRs. Carbon-based friction material (carbon material) is selected to develop superior friction material to brass because carbon material is one of the most durable materials for an application of clutch and brake. Carbon material is placed on the friction surface of SNR (carbon SNR). The structure of carbon material, kinds of raw materials and their combination ratio are selected and optimized. The carbon SNR is confirmed to have higher performance than brass SNR for both shift feeling and durability. At present, our carbon SNRs have been introduced into pickup trucks and SUVs in USA.
Technical Paper

Comparative Analysis of Automotive Powertrain Choices for the Next 25 Years

2007-04-16
2007-01-1605
This paper assesses the potential improvement of automotive powertrain technologies 25 years into the future. The powertrain types assessed include naturally-aspirated gasoline engines, turbocharged gasoline engines, diesel engines, gasoline-electric hybrids, and various advanced transmissions. Advancements in aerodynamics, vehicle weight reduction and tire rolling friction are also taken into account. The objective of the comparison is the potential of anticipated improvements in these powertrain technologies for reducing petroleum consumption and greenhouse gas emissions at the same level of performance as current vehicles in the U.S.A. The fuel consumption and performance of future vehicles was estimated using a combination of scaling laws and detailed vehicle simulations. The results indicate that there is significant potential for reduction of fuel consumption for all the powertrains examined.
Technical Paper

Development and Implementation of a Powertrain Electrical System Simulator with Computer-Controlled Fault Generation

2006-04-03
2006-01-1599
To manage the function of a vehicle's engine, transmission, and related subsystems, almost all modern vehicles make use of one or more electronic controllers running embedded software, henceforth referred to as a Powertrain Controller System or PCS. Fully validating this PCS is a necessary step of vehicle development, and the validation process requires extensive amounts of testing. Within the automotive industry, more and more of this validation testing is being performed using Hardware-in-the-Loop (HIL) simulators to automate the extensive test sequences. A HIL simulation typically mates the physical PCS to a closed-loop real time computer simulation of a powertrain. Interfacing the physical PCS hardware to a powertrain simulation requires the HIL simulator to have extensive signal input/output (I/O) electronics and simulated actuator electrical loading.
Technical Paper

Future Light-Duty Vehicles: Predicting their Fuel Consumption and Carbon-Reduction Potential

2001-03-05
2001-01-1081
The transportation sector in the United States is a major contributor to global energy consumption and carbon dioxide emission. To assess the future potentials of different technologies in addressing these two issues, we used a family of simulation programs to predict fuel consumption for passenger cars in 2020. The selected technology combinations that have good market potential and could be in mass production include: advanced gasoline and diesel internal combustion engine vehicles with automatically-shifting clutched transmissions, gasoline, diesel, and compressed natural gas hybrid electric vehicles with continuously variable transmissions, direct hydrogen, gasoline and methanol reformer fuel cell hybrid electric vehicles with direct ratio drive, and battery electric vehicle with direct ratio drive.
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