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Technical Paper

JSAE Recommended Practice - Evaluating Method of the Automotive Distributed Control Multiplex Systems

1991-02-01
910716
While basic automobile performance is improving along with the growth of higher value-added features, rapidly increasing use of electrical and electronics systems with complex wire harnesses is becoming a problem. This is bringing the automotive distributed control multiplex system to commercial reality. At present, standardization of protocols is under deliberation by SAE and ISO, and several protocols are being considered as candidates. To select a multiplex LSI having an optional protocol, we have established a method to evaluate automotive distributed control multiplex system from the standpoint of users. The method will permit comparison of various multiplex LSIs including physical layers and their protocols' performance/reliability, while helping clarify their features and areas of applications. It is our hope that through this activity of ours, we will be able to make some contribution to global standardization in the field.
Technical Paper

Protocol for Automotive Local Area Network (PALNET)—A Newly Developed In-Vehicle Communication System Based on SAE J1850

1989-02-01
890535
At present, various communication protocols for an automotive distributed control multiplex system that aims at solving wire complexity and meeting the requirements of high reliability and open system flexibility have been proposed and installed in production cars. The requirements for an automotive distributed multiplex system, especially reliability, flexibility, and economy have been analyzed in detail, and as a result a new communication protocol based on SAE J-1850 has been developed. This paper describes the design philosophy and technical features of the protocol, named PALNET (Protocol for Automotive Local area Network) and the result of evaluation with the experimental system. PALNET covers moderate speed signals in vehicle electrical and electronic system. Main technical features of PALNET are as follows. Introduction of a new acknowledgement method named ANC (Acknowledgement for Network Control) secures high reliability of data communication.
Technical Paper

Complete Ceramic Swirl Chamber for Passenger Car Diesel Engine

1987-02-01
870650
The U.S. Federal Emission Standards ruled that particulate emissions from '87 models should be no more than 0.20 g/mile for passenger cars and 0.26 g/mile for light-duty trucks. A complete ceramic swirl chamber with a heat insulating air gap has been developed to meet the above standards without sacrificing fuel economy or power output. The whole process by which the ceramic swirl chamber was developed will be described: optimization of materials, design, manufacturing, and the method and system of quality control. The results of long term durability tests will be described, which demonstrate the chamber's excellent reliability.
Technical Paper

Mazda 4-Rotor Rotary Engine for the Le Mans 24-Hour Endurance Race

1992-02-01
920309
The “R26B” 4-rotor rotary engine is a powerplant that brought a Mazda racing car to victory in the 1991 Le Mans 24-hour endurance race. This engine was developed to achieve high levels of power output, fuel efficiency, and reliability, as required of endurance racing engines. This paper describes the basic structure of the engine, including a 3-piece eccentric shaft that represents a major technological achievement incorporated in the engine, as well as other technological innovations employed for the enhancement of the engine's power output and reliability, and for reducing its fuel consumption. These innovations include a telescopic intake manifold system, peripheral port injection, 3-plug ignition system, 2-piece ceramic apex seal, and a cermet coating on the rubbed surfaces of the housings.
Technical Paper

Material Technology Development Applied to Rotary Engine at Mazda

1986-02-01
860560
New material and processing technologies were developed for main components of the rotary engine to establish its reliability and durability. The components discussed in this paper are the rotor housing, side housing, and sealing elements. Also described are the material and processing technologies which resolved problems about their strength, rigidity, wear, etc.
Technical Paper

The Study of Friction between Piston Ring and Different Cylinder Liners using Floating Liner Engine - Part 1

2012-04-16
2012-01-1334
The objective of this work was to develop an experimental system to support development and validation of a model for the lubrication of two-piece Twin-Land-Oil-Control-Rings (hereafter mentioned as TLOCR). To do so, a floating liner engine was modified by opening the head and crankcase. Additionally, only TLOCR was installed together with a piston that has 100 micron cold clearance to minimize the contribution of the skirt to total friction. Friction traces, FMEP trend, and repeatability have been examined to guarantee the reliability of the experiment results. Then, engine speed, liner temperature, ring tension, and land widths were changed in a wide range to ensure all three lubrication regimes were covered in the experiments.
Technical Paper

Introduction of Functional Periodicity to Prevent Long-Term Failure Mechanism

2006-04-03
2006-01-1203
One of the goals of designing engineering systems is to maximize the system's reliability. A reliable system must satisfy its functional requirements without failure throughout its intended lifecycle. The typical means to achieve a desirable level of reliability is through preventive maintenance of a system; however, this involves cost. A more fundamental approach to the problem is to maximize the system's reliability by preventing failures from occurring. A key question is to find mechanisms (and the means to implement them into a system) that will prevent its system range from going out of the design range. Functional periodicity is a means to achieve this goal. Three examples are discussed to illustrate the concept. In the new electrical connector design, it is the geometric functional periodicity provided by the woven wire structure. In the case of integrated manufacturing systems, it is the periodicity in scheduling of the robot motion.
Technical Paper

Reliable Processes of Simulating Liner Roughness and Its Lubrication Properties

2019-04-02
2019-01-0178
Topology of liner finish is critical to the performance of internal combustion engines. Proper liner finish simulation processes lead to efficient engine design and research. Fourier methods have been well studied to numerically generate liner topology. However, three major issues wait to be addressed to make the generation processes feasible and reliable. First, in order to simulate real plateau honed liners, approaches should be developed to calculate accurate liner geometric parameters. These parameters are served as the input of the generation algorithm. Material ratio curve, the common geometry calculation method, should be modified so that accurate root mean square of plateau height distribution could be obtained. Second, the set of geometric parameters used in generating liner finish (ISO 13565-2) is different from the set of parameters used in manufacturing industry (ISO 13565-3). Quantitative relations between these two sets should be studied.
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