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Technical Paper

A Study on Innovation of Material Recycles: World's First Implementation to Use ELV Bumper Materials for New Car Bumpers

2013-04-08
2013-01-0831
The purpose of this study is to define requirements for technological and business success in the world's first implementation of Reverse-Supply-Chain, in which bumper materials of end-of-life vehicles (ELV) are recycled for use as ingredients in new bumper materials. In Japan, ELVs are recovered following to the government regulation. About 20% (700,000 ton) of such collected ELVs are automotive shredder residues (ASR), most of which are burnt as fuel or used as landfill trash. ASRs are mainly plastics, which are largely used as materials of bumpers. The reverse-supply-chain was started as a small business by a collaboration between the car manufacture (Mazda), dismantler, and resource-recycling business operator, and enhanced by the development of easy-to-recycle bumpers, technologies of paint removal from crushed bumpers and sorting-out, a material quality control method, and improvement in transportation efficiency.
Technical Paper

Aerodynamic Pitching Stability of Sedan-Type Vehicles Influenced by Pillar-Shape Configurations

2013-04-08
2013-01-1258
The present study investigated the aerodynamic pitching stability of sedan-type vehicles under the influence of A- and C-pillar geometrical configurations. The numerical method used for the investigation is based on the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method. Whilst, the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) method was employed to realize the prescribed pitching oscillation of vehicles during dynamic pitching and fluid flow coupled simulations. The trailing vortices that shed from the A-pillar and C-pillar edges produced the opposite tendencies on how they affect the aerodynamic pitching stability of vehicles. In particular, the vortex shed from the A-pillar edge tended to enhance the pitching oscillation of vehicle, while the vortex shed from the C-pillar edge tended to suppress it. Hence, the vehicle with rounded A-pillar and angular C-pillar exhibited a higher aerodynamic damping than the vehicle with the opposite A- and C-pillars configurations.
Technical Paper

Ventilation Characteristics of Modeled Compact Car Part 6 - Numerical Analysis of Heat Transfer Characteristics by CRI

2012-04-16
2012-01-0640
In the present study, numerical simulation coupling convection and radiation in vehicle was done to analyze the formation of the temperature field under the non-uniform thermal condition. The scaled cabin model of simplified compact car was used and the thermal condition was determined. The fore floor, the top side of the inst. panel, the front window and the ceiling were heat source. The lateral side walls were cooled by the outdoor air and the other surfaces were adiabatic. It is same with the experimental condition presented in Part 5. In order to analyze the individual influence of each heat source, Contribution Ratio of Indoor climate (CRI) index was used. CRI is defined as the ratio of the temperature rise at a point from one individual heat source to the temperature rise under the perfect mixing conditions for the same heat source.
Technical Paper

Simultaneous Observation of Combustion in Optical Rotary Engine by Bottom View and Side View

2015-09-01
2015-01-1891
Combustion behavior in Rotary Engine (RE) is quite different from that in conventional reciprocating engines. Therefore, it is important to observe the combustion in RE. In the previous studies, an optical RE was developed, which enabled the observation of the flame propagation in the rotor rotating direction (side view). In the present study, modification was made to the optical RE so that the observation of the flame propagation in the rotor width direction (bottom view) became possible. By using two high-speed cameras, the combustion in RE was observed by bottom view and side view simultaneously. Consequently, it was found that the flame propagation in the rotor width direction is also important for better engine performance as well as that in the rotor rotating direction.
Technical Paper

Development of Integrated Functions Module Carriers by Injection Molding with Long Glass Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene

2003-10-27
2003-01-2810
We have developed injection molding technologies consist of a new high-strength long-glass fiber reinforced polypropylene (PPLGF). They are key technologies of new modular design for substantial reductions of weight and cost, offering integrated functionality. The strength of injection molded parts are three times stronger than that of the conventional material. This technology makes it possible to replace parts from steel stamping and press molded glass-mat reinforced polypropylene. The front end and door modules of Atenza / Mazda6, Demio / Mazda2, RX-8 employs the module carriers using this material, resulting in dramatic weight and cost savings. (Fig. 1)
Technical Paper

Development of Module Carriers by Injection Molding with Long Glass-Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene

2003-03-03
2003-01-0791
We have developed injection molding technologies consist of a new high-strength long-glass fiber reinforced polypropylene (PPLGF). They are key technologies of new modular design for substantial reductions of weight and cost, offering integrated functionality. The strength of injection molded parts are three times stronger than that of the conventional material. This technology makes it possible to replace parts from steel stamping and press molded glass-mat reinforced polypropylene. The front end and door modules of Mazda 6 employ the module carriers using this material, resulting in dramatic weight and cost savings.
Technical Paper

Evaluation of Wind Noise Sources Using Experimental and Computational Methods

2006-04-03
2006-01-0343
Experiment and CFD have been performed to clarify the distribution of wind noise sources and its generation mechanism for a production vehicle. Three noise source identification techniques were applied to measure the wind noise sources from the outside and inside of vehicle. The relation between these noise sources and the interior noise was investigated by modifying the specification of underbody and front-pillar. In addition, CFD was preformed to predict the noise sources and clarify its generation mechanism. The noise sources obtained by simulation show good agreement with experiment in the region of side window and underbody.
Journal Article

Flow Structures above the Trunk Deck of Sedan-Type Vehicles and Their Influence on High-Speed Vehicle Stability 1st Report: On-Road and Wind-Tunnel Studies on Unsteady Flow Characteristics that Stabilize Vehicle Behavior

2009-04-20
2009-01-0004
This study shows an example in which the conventional aerodynamic evaluation method that focuses on “steady” aerodynamic lift coefficient is not necessarily sufficient to evaluate vehicle's straight-ahead stability at high speed, and proposes a new aerodynamic evaluation method for vehicle stability. In vehicle development, it is generally said that vehicle with lower aerodynamic lift coefficient has better straight-ahead stability at high speed. However, in some cases, straight-ahead stability differs between two vehicles with similar low aerodynamic lift coefficient. It is natural to think that this variation is caused by the difference of suspension characteristics or vehicle body rigidity. But from our experiences, different straight-ahead stability was observed between two vehicles having same suspension characteristics, same vehicle body rigidity and almost similar aerodynamic lift coefficient, but different vehicle configurations.
Journal Article

Flow Structures above the Trunk Deck of Sedan-Type Vehicles and Their Influence on High-Speed Vehicle Stability 2nd Report: Numerical Investigation on Simplified Vehicle Models using Large-Eddy Simulation

2009-04-20
2009-01-0006
In the present study, two kinds of simplified vehicle models, which can reproduce flow structures around the two sedan-type vehicles in the previous study, are constructed for the object and the unsteady flow structures are extracted using Large-Eddy Simulation technique. The numerical results are validated in a stationary condition by comparing the results with a wind-tunnel experiment and details of steady and unsteady flow characteristics around the models, especially above the trunk deck, are investigated. In quasi- and non- stationary manner with regard to vehicle pitch motion, unsteady flow characteristics are also investigated and their relations to an aerodynamic stability are discussed.
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