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Technical Paper

Analysis of Torsional Stiffness Share Rate of Truck Frame

1991-11-01
912676
In order to design a well-balanced truck frame, optimization of not only the stiffness of the entire body and stress of each member, but also the internal force of each member is necessary, including the effect of a rear body mounted on the frame. This paper proposes a new parameter, “torsional stiffness share rate,” that directly correlates the contribution of member torsional stiffness to frame torsional stiffness with the internal force of the members as to torsion of the truck frame. The merits of the torsional stiffness share rate are shown in comparison with the strain energy share rate and the stiffness contribution rate. The results of experimental and FEM analyses of the torsional stiffness share rate are also presented.
Technical Paper

Suppression of Mud Adhesion to the Rear Surface of a Van-Type Truck

1992-02-01
920203
Mud adhesion to the rear surfaces of trucks, vans and buses causes troublesome results such as aesthetic degradation, hindered rear view and laborious washing. To raise the product value of trucks and buses, it is important to develop effective measures for suppressing such mud adhesion. In this research the authors first clarified the mechanism of mud adhesion through flow visualization tests. Then, wind tunnel tests were performed to predict the effects of various countermeasures, and prospective ones were put under actual driving tests to verify their effects. The following measures were found effective in suppressing mud adhesion. (1) Aerodynamic improvement by attaching corner vanes to the upper and side edges of the rear surface. (2) Blocking road splash with a slanted plate under the truck and close to the base.
Technical Paper

Development of Mitsubishi DC2 Series V-Type Diesel Engines

1969-02-01
690745
Some research and development studies concerning Mitsubishi DC2 diesel engines are described. The engines are of 90-deg V type newly designed, for trucks or buses of more than 14 tons (30,900 lb) gross weight, after exhaustive fundamental researches and many years' experience. The series covers 6-, 8-, and 12-cyl engines of the water-cooled, precombustion-chamber type with a 130-mm (5.12 in.) bore and a 125-mm (4.92 in.) stroke. The engines are capable of developing a maximum output of 200-400 ps (197.5 ∼ 395 hp) and combine high reliability with compact and light-weight construction. Naturally the use of common parts among these engines in series facilitates their parts' supply and maintenance. In addition to the naturally aspirated engines, turbocharged 8- and 12- cyl engines are available.
Technical Paper

A Design Guide for Wet Multiple Plate Clutches on Forklift Truck Transmissions Considering Strength Balance between Friction Material and Mating Plate

2013-04-08
2013-01-0231
Wet multiple plate clutches consist of friction plates, on which a friction material is bonded, and mating plates that are plain metal plates. Since the frequency and the range of load in the field of forklift trucks vary widely and are more severe than those for passenger cars, the wet multiple plate clutches on forklift trucks are often damaged. Damaged clutches that were returned from the field typically had 3 types of symptoms: 1.Only the friction material was damaged, 2.Only the mating plates were deformed, 3.Both symptoms were observed. It was clear that the cause of these symptoms depended on the difference of the operating application and the strength criteria of each part. This showed that a design guide for wet multiple plate clutches considering the strength balance between the two parts according to the work application was required. The relevant flow chart of this design process was proposed.
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