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Technical Paper

Development of the Heavy-Duty Methanol Engine

Methanol has a poor self-ignition property and thus requires some kind of ignition assist system. Our evaluation of two such systems, a spark-assisted type and a glow-assisted type, indicated that these systems had room for improvement in terms of combustion stability and thermal efficiency in the low-load range. Combustion improvements in the low-load range were therefore carried out by increasing the compression ratio, adopting an injection nozzle with multiple holes and providing an ignition chamber. This has resulted in the successful development of a glow-assisted methanol engine with full-load performance equivalent or superior to a base diesel engine and with lower NOx emission. For practical application of this engine, further improvements in durability and reliability are to be made.
Technical Paper

Development of PM Trap System for Urban Buses

In response to stringent particulate matter (PM) emission regulations worldwide, developments of diesel particulate filter (DPF) continue apace in addition to engine modification for PM reduction. Particularly with buses used in urban areas, reduction methods in black smoke emissions are being researched in addition to the efforts to satisfy the aforementioned PM regulations. The system described in this paper was developed for use mainly with buses in large urban concentrations. The system described in this paper mainly consists of both wall-flow monolith filters for filtration of PM emissions and electric heaters for regeneration. A key feature of this system is that exhaust gas is used for effective combustion of PM during regeneration. With conventional systems, airpumps have been used to feed air for PM combustion during regeneration. With the new system, however, the use of an air pump was discontinued due to durability and cost considerations.