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Technical Paper

A Study of the Durability of Diesel Oxidation Catalysts

1995-11-01
952650
Diesel emission control is being addressed worldwide to help preserve the global environment. In 1994, emission controls in the U.S. called for reduction of diesel particulate matter (PM) to 10 to 20% of 1986's initial limit. In the same year, we developed and marketed small and medium duty trucks which were equipped with PM reduction systems that oxidize soluble organic fraction (SOF) contained in the PM, in order to satisfy these new regulations. Prior to their marketing, a catalyst was selected from among several types of candidate catalysts. Durability tests were performed using a catalytic converter-equipped small duty truck to verify the durability of the chosen catalyst. The durability test course was set up combining urban areas and expressways in the southern part of California, U.S.A.. The cumulative total distance covered on the test course reached 200,000 km. During the durability test, the catalyst was evaluated by measurement of PM emission using a chassis dynamometer.
Technical Paper

Characteristics and Combustibility of Particulate Matter

1992-02-01
920687
For meeting more stringent regulations to be imposed for reducing particulate matter (PM) in exhaust gas from diesel engines, it is required to improve performance of a trap system or other post-processing devices as well as fuel combustion efficiency of the engine itself. In the trap system, a trap filter is equipped to collect PM from exhaust gas. For continuous use of the trap filter, a regenerative processing must be carried out to remove PM by means of forced burning when a certain amount of PM has been trapped. The combustibility or burning characteristics of collected PM have a significant effect on the regenerative processing with an electric heater/burner. To clarify the combustibility of PM collected in the trap filter, we have examined the relationships between engine drive conditions (exhaust gas temperature), PM characteristics, and combustibility.
Technical Paper

Development of High Performance Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine Oil to Extend Oil Drain Intervals: 5W30 Fully Synthetic Oil Containing MoDTC

2000-06-19
2000-01-1992
In this study, the oxidation stability, soot dispersancy, antiwear performance, and friction-reducing capability of friction modifiers (FMs) were evaluated, and an SAE 5W-30 fully synthetic oil with MoDTC type FMs was developed for heavy-duty diesel engines. In several engine tests, it was confirmed that the developed oil can double the oil drain interval in comparison with API CD SAE 30, even when EGR is applied, and improves the fuel efficiency.
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