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Technical Paper

Hot-Gas Spin Testing of Ceramic Turbine Rotor at TIT 1300° C

1989-02-01
890427
The high-temperature durability of 85 mm tip diameter silicon nitride ceramic radial turbine rotors was evaluated with a hot gas spin test rig. The rotors withstood up to a turbine tip speed of 700 m/s at TIT of 1300°C under partially loaded conditions and 570 m/s at TIT of 1300°C under fully loaded conditions, respectively. The material of the rotors was a post-HIPed silicon nitride. The basic fatigue properties of the material were measured at high temperatures. In the hot gas spin test, the temperature and stress distributions at the turbine blade were calculated with a finite element method. The results of the hot-gas spin test are discussed by means of a failure prediction analysis on the basis of the Weibull statistics.
Technical Paper

Effects of Various Methods for Improving Vehicle Startability and Transient Response of Turbocharged Diesel Trucks

1992-02-01
920044
To improve vehicle startability and transient response of turbocharged diesel trucks, their phenomena have been investigated and analyzed in detail and various supercharging systems have been developed and installed on a truck for comparison of their characteristics. The systems considered were ceramic, variable geometry, variable entry,and air-assisted turbochargers and a combined supercharging system. The variable entry turbocharger has two turbine scrolls with different nozzle areas and two switching valves to get three different turbine flow capacities. The combined supercharging system consists of a mechanical supercharger and a turbocharger. These are linked in series. Both work in a low engine speed range, and the turbocharger only works in middle and high engine speed ranges. Among these systems, the combined supercharging system is the best for improving both vehicle startability and transient response of a truck.
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