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Technical Paper

EGR Technologies for a Turbocharged and Intercooled Heavy-Duty Diesel Engine

1997-02-24
970340
In this study three EGR methods were applied to a 12 liter turbocharged and intercooled Dl diesel engine, and the exhaust emission and fuel consumption characteristics were compared. One method is the Low Pressure Route system, in which the EGR is taken from down stream of the turbine to the compressor entrance. The other two systems are variations of the High Pressure Route system, in which the EGR is taken from the exhaust manifold to the intake manifold. One of the two High Pressure Route EGR systems is with back pressure valve located at downstream of the turbine and the other uses a variable geometry(VG) turbocharger. It was found that the High Pressure Route EGR system using VG turbocharger was the most effective and practical. With this method the EGR area could be enlarged and NOx reduced by 22% without increase in smoke or fuel consumption while maintaining an adequate excess air ratio.
Technical Paper

Effects of Various Methods for Improving Vehicle Startability and Transient Response of Turbocharged Diesel Trucks

1992-02-01
920044
To improve vehicle startability and transient response of turbocharged diesel trucks, their phenomena have been investigated and analyzed in detail and various supercharging systems have been developed and installed on a truck for comparison of their characteristics. The systems considered were ceramic, variable geometry, variable entry,and air-assisted turbochargers and a combined supercharging system. The variable entry turbocharger has two turbine scrolls with different nozzle areas and two switching valves to get three different turbine flow capacities. The combined supercharging system consists of a mechanical supercharger and a turbocharger. These are linked in series. Both work in a low engine speed range, and the turbocharger only works in middle and high engine speed ranges. Among these systems, the combined supercharging system is the best for improving both vehicle startability and transient response of a truck.
Technical Paper

Mitsubishi's Compound Intake System Engine

1985-02-01
850035
Mitsubishi Motors Corporation presents the newly-developed 2-liter engine, which we have named SIRIUS DASH. The SIRIUS DASH engine, with its compound intake system, features great performance in both high and low speed ranges while keeping fuel consumption low. The compound intake system operates the 3 valves in 2 stages. When engine speed is low, just one intake valve is used, but when engine speed increases, two intake valves are used. And to make this engine truly extraordinary, we added a turbocharger with an intercooler, and equipped the whole thing with a total electonic control system. Generally, high performance engines which have large inlet ports and high speed type valve timing enabling them to intake sufficient air for high performance at high speeds. The problem is here that when speed is dropped, combustion becomes unstable at the expense of torque and fuel consumption.
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