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Technical Paper

Four Wheel Steering System for Medium-Duty Trucks

1994-11-01
942310
From the standpoint of safety, the demands are growing in recent years for better controllability and stability of automobiles and in particular in trucks. The truck, however, when compared with the passenger car, is subject to larger changes in gross vehicle mass and center of gravity depending on its load placement. In addition, since the cornering power generated by the truck tire per load is smaller than that generated by the passenger car tire, it is difficult to introduce significant improvements in controllability and stability simply by use of passive techniques like suspension characteristic tuning. Therefore, studies were performed on the applicability of the 4WS system, an active vehicle dynamic characteristic control technique, to a Truck as a means for solving these problems.
Technical Paper

Development of Titanium Alloy Valve Spring Retainers

1991-02-01
910428
Beta Ti alloy valve spring retainers are newly developed for use in mass produced automobiles for the first time. Ti alloy valve spring retainers vith a weight saving of 42%, compared to steel retainers, have reduced the inertial weight of the valve train components by 6%. And this weight reduction has the benefit of increasing the upper limit of the engine speed, which improves the engine performance. Ti alloy valve spring retainers are cold forged by the conventional fabrication facilities for steel retainers, using Ti-22V-4Al (the beta Ti alloy) which possesses excellent cold workability in a solution treated condition. Oxygen surface hardening is applied to protect Ti alloy valve spring retainers from wear damage. In addition, aging treatment and shot blasting are performed to improve strength and stiffness of valve retainers.
Technical Paper

A New Approach to Vehicle Interior Control

1991-02-01
910472
In order to meet increasing demands for safety and comfort in a vehicle compartment, automatic adjustment of seat, mirrors, steering wheel has been developed. The multiplex wiring system was constructed for the automatic adjustment of the cockpit elements to drivers preferred positions or to physique-matched settings based on ergonomic data. This paper describes the construction of the multiplex system and functions of automatic adjustment of the cockpit elements for comfortable driving position and better visibility.
Technical Paper

A New Hydraulic Coupling Unit (HCU) for 4WD Vehicles

1989-02-01
890527
This year (1989) Mitsubishi Motors Corp. introduced, on some models, a newly-developed Hydraulic Coupling Uint (HCU), by which 2WD vehicles can be converted into 4WD ones in the same way as done by a viscous coupling (VC). This HCU is similar in the configuration to a vane pump: the oil discharge is returned to the suction chamber through a number of orifices. The rotor and cam ring (housing) are respectively connected to the two shafts; either of the one with the front wheels and the other with the rear wheels. Accordingly, it works as a slip-sensitive differential like a VC while it has a merit of progressive and parabolic torque-response characteristic, which offers stronger traction and acceleration capability and also minimizes tight-corner braking. This paper discusses primarily the configurations, functions and test results of the HCU and also presents an overview on further development possibilities of the 4WD system.
Technical Paper

Development of a New Torsional Rubber Damper for Diesel Engines

1993-05-01
931308
It is well-known that double-mass torsional rubber dampers which have two masses and springs in parallel are effective for controlling torsional vibration characteristics over a wide range of engine speed. On the occasion of reliability estimation of the rubber dampers, it is important to consider generation of heat in the rubber due to torsional vibration. By predicting generation of heat at the designing stage, optimum design of the torsional rubber dampers can be achieved. By development and application of this prediction method, a new type double-mass damper was developed. It provided higher vibration control characteristics and reliability than conventional viscous dampers, and also it provided advantages in terms of noise, productivity and weight.
Technical Paper

Design and Testing of Ovate Wire Helical Springs

1993-10-01
932891
This paper describes the results of the study and research on ovate wire helical springs which have been jointly conducted by the members of the Japan Society for Spring Research consisting of the engineers from material suppliers, wire and spring producers and automotive manufacturers as well as researchers at Japanese universities. Attention is focused particularly on two types of wire cross sections, typical elliptical shape and Fuchs' egg-shape. Stresses on these two cross sections were analyzed by numerical calculations within the range of practical specification, and then the results have been compared with those of round wire spring. As a result, it has been found that the elliptical wire spring is superior to Fuchs- egg-shaped one for general application. Simple designing methods for the both types of wire helical springs have been developed based on the findings from the stress analysis.
Technical Paper

Shape Optimization of Solid Structures Using the Growth-Strain Method (Application to Chassis Components)

1992-06-01
921063
This paper describes the shape optimization analysis of solid structures such as chassis components of a car, where the shape optimization problems of linearly elastic structures are treated to improve strength or to reduce weight of solid structures. The optimization method used here is the growth-strain method, and the shape optimization system is developed based on this method. The growth-strain method, which modifies a shape by generating bulk strain, was previously proposed for analysis of the uniform-strength shape. The generation law of the bulk strain is given as a function of a distributed parameter to be uniformed, such as von Mises stress. Two improved generation laws are presented. The first law makes the distributed parameter uniform while controlling the structural volume to a target value. The second law makes the distributed parameter uniform while controlling the maximum value of the distributed parameter to a target value.
Technical Paper

The Influence of Tire Deformation on Ride Comfort of a Truck

1990-10-01
902268
When truck tires have a deformation such as radial runout, flat spot, and abnormal wear as a result of panic braking, they affect vehicle vibration in the form of displacement input whose spectrum involves higher order terms of tire revolution. While a truck has vibration modes of frame bending as well as pitching and unsprung-mass viberation in the input frequency range, the tire displacement input induces vehicle vibration as a combination of these modes. Results of calculations and experiments of a 4x2 medium-duty truck are analyzed and an example of means for improving ride comfort is described in this paper.
Technical Paper

Effect of the Right-and-left Torque Vectoring System in Various Types of Drivetrain

2007-08-05
2007-01-3645
This paper describes the calculative verification of the effect of the right-and-left torque vectoring system in various types of drivetrain, namely, the front wheels only, the rear wheels only, and both front and rear wheels in FWD, RWD, and AWD vehicles. The effect is evaluated by calculating the vehicle dynamics limit; maximum acceleration and cornering ability. The right-and-left vectoring torque, which is needed for expanding the vehicle dynamics limit, is also calculated. And finally, the paper evaluates the suitable wheels for which the system should be applied in each drivetrain. The application to the front wheels is more effective for FWD vehicles. On the other hand, the application to the rear wheels is more effective for RWD and AWD vehicles.
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